Place Of The Gods – Stargate of Abu Ghurab “the crow’s nest”

We know so little about the ancients times and cultures. We don’t even know how they built the great Pyramids. So here is a place, which we don’t know what these artifact are or what they do. So here is Stargate of Abu Ghurab “the crow’s nest”:

About a 20 minutes drive from the Great Pyramid, and visible from the Giza Plateau on clear day, is one of Egypt’s greatest treasures from antiquity, and one of the most extraordinary places on our planet.


Abu Ghurab, or “the crow’s nest” as it is called, is a closed to the public archaeological site in the pyramid fields that run along side the Nile south of Cairo. Egyptologists quaintly refer to it as a ‘sun temple’, a ‘burial center’ or ‘funerary complex’ for a new cult of Ra (they usually use these terms when the actual function of a place is unclear).


The site of Abu Ghurab is a part of the pyramid complex at Abu Sir.

The name Abu Sir comes from the Greek name for this city, Busiris, which in turn comes from Bu Wizzer or Per Wsir, the “Place of Osiris”, the Egyptian god of resurrection.

 Egyptologists claim it was ‘made’ at the time of the 5th Dynasty of the Old Kingdom Period around 2400 B.C. I use the term ‘made’ for its double meaning. It means ‘created’, but ‘made’ is also a police term for ‘identified’ or ‘discovered’.


In fact, indigenous Egyptian tradition teaches that this site is one of the oldest ceremonial centers on the planet and is a place where the ancients connected with divine energies. Later, it was ‘made’ by a pharaoh.

I visited the place three times during my stay in Cairo in March/April 2006 and found some eye-opening connections to both Atlantis and to the Anunnaki gods of Sumeria, which will be shared in these pages.

The bustling neighborhood of Abu Gharob is a place where the streets

literally have no names and life has changed little for thousands of years.

Here is a chance to experience ancient Egypt.

On my first visit I was with the National Geographic Channel (NG) who took me to Abu Ghurab to interview me about Egypt’s connections to Atlantis.

According to Plato’s version of the story, which originated in Egypt, Atlantis was a high civilization founded by the gods. They built a temple surrounded by a city formed of concentric rings, which was populated by hybrid god-men.

When this race lost their ‘divine essence’ this brought about the wrath of Zeus, watching from the center of the universe. I believe that Egypt exists in the shadow of Atlantis. It is an echo of this lost realm. After a short Soprano’s style exchange with the Egyptian authorities that guard this site we entered a narrow path cut through a thick mango grove.

When the trees cleared we suddenly entered what felt like a Hollywood movie set for a movie titled Forbidden World, or something like that.

The dunes of the great desert appeared lunar. The three pyramids of Abu Sir, about a mile away, seemed surreal like three elder fires burning for eternity. Strangely, when I stepped onto this ‘set’ I have never felt more at home in a place in my life.
I could hardly wait to get up over the crest of hill in front of me and cross the barrier to Abu Guhrob.

I had been told about a large square structure or platform made of alabaster (‘Egyptian crystal’) that sits in front of the mound where an obelisk stood. The alabaster platform is in the shape of the Khemetian symbol Hotep, translated by Egyptologists as “peace.”


As I mentioned to NG on the way up crest of the hill, to the prophets of the past peace was not the absence of conflict between warring factions or jealous religions. Peace is the unity of heaven and earth.

Was Abu Ghurab where the stargate connection was made?

The Three Pyramids of Abu Sir about a mile south from Abu Ghurab.

After a short walk we entered the gate of the complex. We were alone.

The only sound was that of sand and ancient stones crunching beneath our feet… and a mammoth C-5 military aircraft flying low above us. The stepped pyramid with the alabaster hotep sitting in front of it greeted us. The site appeared as if it had sat undisturbed for millennia.

Everything I knew about Abu Ghurab came from Stephen Mehler, author of Land of Osiris and From Light Into Darkness, and conversations with researcher Bob Vawter. Both men are top-of-the-class students of Abd’El Hakim Awyan, the acclaimed teacher and wayshower of the sacred mysteries of ancient Khemet, the early name for Egypt.

According to Hakim, there exists an immense, relatively unknown oral tradition in Egypt that tells the actual history of Khem. One cannot fully learn this knowledge. Instead, one is ‘gifted’ with it.


Khemet is related to the word alchemy, Al- Khem or Chem, and is thought to designate the mysterious Black Land formed by the Nile. Interestingly, Indian scholars trace it to the Chinese Chin-I or Chin-je, meaning “Juice of Gold.” This alternative definition will appreciate exponentially in significance in a moment once we cross the threshold of the gates of knowledge at Abu Ghurab.


According to traditional Egyptological theory, Abu Ghurab was built by the 5th Dynasty pharaoh Niussere around 2400 B.C.

Known as “the favorite of the Two Ladies” (lucky man) and “the Golden Falcon is divine” he built the temple to worship the god RA or RE (‘ray’).

The mound at Abu Ghurab.

The massive alabaster (Egyptian crystal) platform at Abu Ghurab.

It is a mandala depicting the four directions.


An obelisk (‘sun stick’) once stood atop this mound.

Egyptologists say it was likely around a squat 15 feet tall and was modeled after the sun temple at On or Heliopolis, the site where Akhenaton, and other enlightened ones, was initiated in the esoteric mysteries that made them great mystics.

Pieces of this original sun stick or ben ben are scattered all over the place. In fact, the entire site is one giant debris field with pieces of limestone scattered everywhere that appear to have come from structures that once existed here. According to Mehler’s account in Land of Osiris, ancient Khemetian oral tradition says Abu Ghurab was already ancient by the time of the 5th Dynasty.

Hakim claims this bird’s nest dates deep into pre-history and is one of the oldest ceremonial sites on the entire planet. Moreover, he says the site was designed to create heightened spiritual awareness through the use of vibrations transmitted through the alabaster and other materials. This expanded awareness enabled one to connect with the sacred energies of the universe known as Neters.


In Land of Osiris Mehler notes that indigenous tradition teaches that the Neters themselves, in some sort of physical form, once “landed” and appeared in person at Abu Ghurab.

It is for this reason that this site has been considered sacred for thousands upon thousands of years. Hakim proposes the alabaster platform created a harmonic resonance through sound vibrations to increase the heightened awareness and to further open the senses to “communicate” and be one with the Neters.


Of course, Hakim is describing what is called a “stargate” today.

The circular center of the alabaster platform.


The perfectly smooth sides of the platform suggest advanced machining.

Perfectly circular ‘drill’ mark on the alabaster platform.

Is this also evidence of advanced precision machining?


FORMLESS LIGHT BEINGS


I am highly intrigued by the re-collections and re-memberings concerning the Neter in the Khemetian tradition.

Particularly since Ancient American oral tradition from Tennessee, where I live, retold by Cherokee wisdom keeper Dhyani Yahoo says that formless “thought beings” called TLA beings rode a sound wave from the Pleiades star cluster through a hole in space in East Tennessee and created the Cherokee.

All humans are dream children of these angels or elemental forces who came from the stars. This legend obviously resonates with Khemetian belief concerning Abu Guhrob.

In addition, before my trek to Khem my research was focused on the profound work of Dr. Eve Reymond, a scholar who had explored the ancient Egyptian Building Texts from Edfu, Egypt in her book The Mythical Origin of the Egyptian Temple.

These little known texts also tell of formless beings who came from the stars and created an island civilization in Egypt.

These Sages, as they were called, constructed an original mound where the creation of human kind took place. This island was called the Island of the Egg and was surrounded by the primeval water. By the edge of this lake was a ‘field of reeds’ (Aaru), a fact which will have enormous significance momentarily.

The Edfu tale matches the Atlantis story as told by Plato of a civilization founded by the gods who created a hybrid race of humans. I believe the Edfu Building Texts are the source material for Plato’s story of Atlantis, which he originally learned from Egypt. I further believe that shards of this tale are found in numerous indigenous traditions, and that it may even relate to Abu Guhrob.

The connection is found in the stones.

One telltale characteristic alternative researchers uphold as a trademark of Atlantean temple building is the use of megalithic red granite blocks.

The precision cut and polished red granite facing stones

of the pyramid at Abu Guhrob is a trademark of ‘Atlantean’ construction.

At Abu Gharob one sees colossal red granite blocks weighing several tons that were precision cut, polished and mounted in place as facing stones on the pyramid.

Whoever laid these in place had an accuracy that was extraordinary.

Then, some unknown force caused these casing stones to be scattered like Lego blocks.

The whole place looks as if a massive hand had swatted it like a sand castle. In fact, one gets the compelling feeling that this place was intentionally destroyed by a massive show of force. On my second visit to this ‘stargate’ I learned why this may have been done. As NG cameraman, Rich Confalone, and I surveyed and studied the place together we both agreed that this was one of the strangest places we had ever been.

Rich is a veteran videographer who during the past 18 years has been to virtually every corner of the globe. He’s the cameraman for Josh Bernstein, host of the hit History Channel show Digging for the Truth. He’d said he’d never dug in such mysterious sands before.

About the time I had finished my interview with Rich and the National Geographic producer, Cara Biega, an alarm sounded among the temple guards.

Suddenly, they were telling us in hostile voices that it was time for us to leave, like now. Undeterred, the National Geographic team continued gathering shots while I ran interference with the guards.

Massive granite blocks are strewn about like Lego blocks.

Some titanic force must have scattered these stones.


On the way out we took time to examine another of the oddities at Abu Guhrob. Set apart from everything else we had seen were giant square alabaster “dishes” or “basins” with strange gear-like designs on top.

Egyptologists guess that the massive basins were used to hold sacrificial animal blood, which ran through perfectly round channels cut into the paving.

There is not a single drop of DNA or other evidence to support this misconception. Interestingly, the inner surface of the basins are amazingly smooth to the touch and show signs of circular tool marks, suggesting that whoever crafted them did so with a technology we would admire today (and make fortunes marketing, too).

A bunch of the ‘offering basins’ are lined up near the entrance, apparently placed there at some point enroute to another location.

Significantly, a few more are still ‘in situ’.

Two square alabaster basins with strange gear-like tops.


Beautifully round holes in the ‘basins’.

What are they for? How were they drilled?


BLACK SUN RISING


A few days later, the total eclipse of the Sun was approaching. Our ‘cosmic bus’, ‘the Lady Isis’, eased to a stop beside a canal near Abu Guhrob. From the window I noticed that the only way across this particular canal was a bridge made of the trunks of palm trees.

One misstep on this bridge and one would find themselves amalgamating their bodies in a vat of ‘the Nile cocktail’, the filthiest water imaginable. My second trek to Abu Ghurab would prove to be much different from the first. The people that accompanied me there made the difference. One of the greatest pleasures an author can have is to interact with people from the imagi-nation (which fellow traveler Bryan Gore calls the greatest “nation” for man) who passionately follow their bliss.

On this day I participated in a meant-to-be dance of souls that was pure cosmic poetry. The primary cosmic dancer was Ted St. Rain (www.lostartsmedia.com). Any one who has attended a major UFO conference in the past ten years will recognize Ted as the ultra-frenetic video guy who always seems to be running.

What many may not realize is that Ted has an astounding grasp of the ancient mysteries, an understanding that comes from face to face interactions with a who’s who of alternative researchers. Name a UFO, alternative science or ancient history researcher and, chances are, Ted has video taped every major lecture they’ve given. And mastered their material, too.

He’s traveled to Lebanon, Egypt, Palestine and Syria with Sitchin. Few know this genre better than Ted. I’m not sure when the first domino began to fall in Ted’s mind.

However, after only a short time at Abu Ghurab (his first) Ted proclaimed that he had the answer to the question of the purpose of this temple site.

“Has anyone here read The Lost Realms by Zecharia Sitchin?” Ted, began. “I would suggest you get a copy of this book because it will help explain what we are seeing here.”

In his Earth Chronicles series of books Sitchin claims that a race of extraterrestrials called Anunnaki came to Earth over 450,000 years ago in search of gold. In addition to surface mining the Anunnaki used sophisticated water mining techniques to ‘filter’ or the process gold from the waters of Earth.


Abu Ghurab, it seems, may be one of their processing plants.


CROSSING THE THRESHOLD TO THE LOST REALM


The Lost Realms is about the massive pyramids of South American and MesoAmerican cultures and their interactions with gods who set-up pyramid/workshops there.


Sitchin cites the Mexican pyramids of Teotihuacan to support his theory. There are two pyramids – the Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon – with the Avenue of the Dead running between them. Some scholars believe the Teotihuacan complex was begun 6,000 years ago and was known as the Place of the Gods.

The Pyramid of the Moon is an earthen mound. Some 2,000 feet to the south the path of the Avenue of the Dead reaches the Pyramid of the Sun. These pyramids are virtually identical to the Giza pyramids. Sitchin believes that there is no doubt that the designer of this complex had detailed understanding of the Giza pyramids. The most remarkable correspondence noted by Sitchin is the existence of a lower passageway running underneath the Pyramid of the Sun.

As Sitchin records, in 1971 a complex underground chamber system was discovered directly underneath the Pyramid of the Sun.

A tunnel, seven feet high and extending for almost 200 feet, was also discovered. The floor of this tunnel was divided into segments and drainage pipes (possibly connecting to an underground water source?) were found. The tunnel led to a strange hollowed out area shaped like a cloverleaf and supported by adobe columns and basalt slabs.


The enigma posed by this mysterious subterranean facility was amplified for Sitchin when he observed a path of six segments running along the Avenue of the Dead. These segments were formed by the erection of a series of double walls perpendicular to the course of the Avenue. These six compartments are fitted with sluices at their floor level.

Sitchin proposes that the whole complex served to channel water that flowed down the Avenue. This complex, says Sitchin, was an enormous waterworks, employing water for a technological purpose.


This ceremonial center, notes Sitchin, has artificial water channels running through that diverted water from the nearby San Juan river. The water is channeled into the Ciudadela, a quadrangle that contains at its eastern side a third pyramid, called the Quetzalcoatl Pyramid.


Interestingly, in my lectures at Gouda Fayad’s Tree of Life Conference Center beside the Giza Plateau, I had admonished my tour group that we will be ‘following the water’ in Egypt. Little did I realize at the time that my intuition would prove so accurate.

As Ted continued his brainstorm at Abu Ghurab, he noted a key discovery at Teotihuacan.

Underneath the Pyramid of the Sun archaeologists discovered mica, a dielectric mineral composed of delicate crystal that is a semiconductor. The word “mica” is thought to be derived from the Latin word micare, meaning to shine, in reference to the brilliant appearance of this mineral (especially when in small scales).

Mica has a high dielectric strength and excellent chemical stability, making it a favored material for manufacturing capacitors for radio frequency applications. It has also been used as an insulator in high voltage electrical equipment. Sheet mica is used as an insulating material and as a resonant diaphragm in certain acoustical devices. Sitchin was perplexed by the presence of this mineral beneath the pyramid.

Then he remembered the water flowing from the San Juan River and how it was artificially channeled to this site.

What he proposed is that the river was channeled along the Avenue of the Gods and underneath the pyramid. Through a chemical reaction caused by the mica (or, I wonder, could it have been a harmonic process?) gold was pulled from the river water.


Drainage holes are spread throughout Teotihuacan. Sitchin theorizes these were used to sluice the gold into chambers where the Anunnaki could collect it.

“Just like you see here,” said Ted, pointing to one of the massive square alabaster basins or sluices at Abu Ghurab.

“I was thinking about Sitchin’s theory,” said Ted, “because here’s the pyramid here. Now, keep in mind that 10,000 years ago this area was a lush jungle with water everywhere.”

Indeed, the Abu Ghurab site was beginning to look a lot like the Teotihuacan site.


Those basins, it turns out, were decanters.

The only thing missing was the mica.

Ted St. Rain points to a drainage hole in one of the in-situ alabaster basins.

That’s when Lady Isis intervened. Another traveler in our group was Anya Nadal, an artist and author of Holographic Mandalas (www.eternalimagery.com), who is also a very knowledgeable ‘rock hound’.

It didn’t take very long before she called us together to show us something remarkable: huge sheets of mica in front of the pyramid. Ted was elated with this discovery.

The pieces were falling into place.

Anya Nadal points to the huge sheets of mica in front of the Abu Ghurab pyramid.

As Ted explained,

“the theory is that, like Teotihuacan, Abu Ghurab was a gold refining facility.” (Or, may I suggest, a ‘juice of gold’ production plant?) “What they would do,” Ted proposed, “is bring gold laden water in from the Nile. It would flow over the mica sheets (which may have covered this entire site).”

Through the piezoelectric effect produced by the mica electricity was produced.

The water would be channeled into the basins and would be spun around inside and flow up and out through the round holes in the sides. The gold (or again, how about the juice of gold?) would filter down and remain in the basins to be scooped out at the end of the day.

As Ted proposed, the basins that are today lined up near the entrance were originally placed about every ten feet around the complex. (Stephen Mehler told me in a conversation upon my return that the basins may originally have been arranged in an circular pattern around the pyramid.)


In its original state the Abu Ghurab pyramid may have been a giant machine, especially a water processing plant. We have to imagine water everywhere, in pools in front of the pyramid and perhaps even flowing down from the top of the red granite faced pyramid like a fountain.

The “juice of gold” produced by the piezoelectric effect of the quartz crystal-laden red granite may have been one of the products of this plant. We left Abu Ghurab in high spirits that day.

As Ted remarked,

“this is the third strangest place I’ve ever seen. The first is Baalbek, Lebanon. The second is the Hittite empire.”

For me, it ranks at the top of the list.


Everything I had experienced at Abu Ghurab was ringing in my being when I left Egypt. I wondered it were possible if this – the oldest ceremonial center on the planet – is the original Island of the Egg referred to at Edfu and the original stargate of the gods.

The moment I returned home I hit the books and was intrigued by an initial finding. As noted, the Edfu Texts say the primeval water surrounded the Island of the Egg. By the edge of this island was a ‘field of reeds’ (Aaru).


The use of the word reed is very important. It establishes a link between Abu Ghurab and Teotihuacan. The classic Maya used the word “puh” which meant cat-tail reed, to refer to Teotihuacan.

Although tribes of ancient Mexico reported that they came from a place where reeds grew, no location associated with reeds has been identified as their place of origin.


I believe in coincidences, but like a UFO, I’ve never seen one. In my view, the appellation, “place of reeds,” that identifies both the Egyptian Island of the Egg and Teotihuacan ties these places together. The apparent similarity in purpose of Abu Ghurab and Teotihuacan links these two places together and ties them to the Island of the Egg, the place or stargate of the gods. Tic-tac-toe. All three places are explanatory of one another.


Abu Ghurab is far older than Teotihuacan.

Is it possible, therefore, that this site is the original home of the tribes of ancient Mexico? Interestingly, another name for the place of reeds is Tollan or Tula. The T-L-A root connects with the Cherokee legend of the T-LA beings who came from the Pleiades and settled in East Tennessee.

The T-L-A vibration is also encoded in the place name Atlantis.


FROM OUT OF THE SHADOWS OF ATLANTIS, SHE WALKS LIKE A DREAM


One additional ‘coincidence’ worth mentioning involves the artwork of Anya Nadal. Shown on the next page is Anya’s painting entitled Wisdom from her book Holographic Mandalas. On the next page is the alabaster platform at Abu Ghurab. Not only do the outer patterns of these mandalas match, but also both have a circle in the center.

Anya later told me she immediately recognized the similarity upon seeing the platform. She calls the ethereal being in the center of her painting an ‘Atlantean fairy’. Hmm. I wonder.

Could she have tapped into the ‘stargate consciousness’ of the formless beings, the Neters, who came to Abu Guhrob deep in prehistory?

The ‘Atlantean fairy’

at the center of Anya Nadal’s mandala titled “Wisdom”.

Wisdom, a painting by Anya Nadal, bears a striking similarity to the alabaster platform at Abu Ghurab. Anya’s mandala’s are a form of visual meditation that combine colors and sacred geometry to amplify heightened states of awareness. Gaze at this mandala and connect with hidden parts of yourself.


William Henry with the temple keepers at Abu Ghurab (top) and standing beside the alabaster platform (bottom).


When people discover strange or unusual things on our planet, such as pyramids as gold processing plants or giant alabaster landing platforms, there are, generally speaking, two paths one can take.

  • They are discarded as meaningless out of place artifacts. The inner eye of light closes.
  • Or, they are exalted as evidence of a lost advanced civilization. The inner eye of light opens.

With luck I will one day return to Abu Ghurab to bask in the rays of Ra.

I am certain there is much more here than meets the eye.

Source

Here is the Youtube video of this Stargate:

 

So if you think wars around the World. Are those wars fought because of oil or are there something more? Maybe technology of the ancients.

Mystery Of The Rosetta Stone

 

"A large dark grey-coloured slab of stone with text that uses Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, demotic and Greek script in three separate horizontal registers"
 

One of the fascinating archeological finding is an artifact called The Rosetta Stone. This piece of history made possible to translate some mysteries of the ancient Pyramids, because it bears three inscriptions: the top register in Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, the second in the Egyptian demotic script, and the third in Ancient Greek. Here is the description about the artifact:

The Rosetta Stone is an ancient Egyptiangranodioritestele inscribed with a decree issued at Memphis in 196 BC on behalf of King Ptolemy V. The decree appears in three scripts: the upper text is Ancient Egyptianhieroglyphs, the middle portion Demotic script, and the lowest Ancient Greek. Because it presents essentially the same text in all three scripts (with some minor differences between them), it provided the key to the modern understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphs.

Originally displayed within a temple, the stone was probably moved during the early Christian or medieval period and eventually used as building material in the construction of Fort Julien near the town of Rashid (Rosetta) in the Nile Delta. It was rediscovered there in 1799 by a soldier, Pierre-François Bouchard, of the French expedition to Egypt. As the first Ancient Egyptian bilingual text recovered in modern times, the Rosetta Stone aroused widespread public interest with its potential to decipher this hitherto untranslated ancient language. Lithographic copies and plaster casts began circulating among European museums and scholars. Meanwhile, British troops defeated the French in Egypt in 1801, and the original stone came into British possession under the Capitulation of Alexandria. Transported to London, it has been on public display at the British Museum since 1802. It is the most-visited object in the British Museum.

Study of the decree was already under way as the first full translation of the Greek text appeared in 1803. It was 20 years, however, before the transliteration of the Egyptian scripts was announced by Jean-François Champollion in Paris in 1822; it took longer still before scholars were able to read Ancient Egyptian inscriptions and literature confidently. Major advances in the decoding were: recognition that the stone offered three versions of the same text (1799); that the demotic text used phonetic characters to spell foreign names (1802); that the hieroglyphic text did so as well, and had pervasive similarities to the demotic (Thomas Young, 1814); and that, in addition to being used for foreign names, phonetic characters were also used to spell native Egyptian words (Champollion, 1822–1824).

Ever since its rediscovery, the stone has been the focus of nationalist rivalries, including its transfer from French to British possession during the Napoleonic Wars, a long-running dispute over the relative value of Young’s and Champollion’s contributions to the decipherment, and since 2003, demands for the stone’s return to Egypt.

Two other fragmentary copies of the same decree were discovered later, and several similar Egyptian bilingual or trilingual inscriptions are now known, including two slightly earlier Ptolemaic decrees (the Decree of Canopus in 238 BC, and the Memphis decree of Ptolemy IV, ca. 218 BC). The Rosetta Stone is therefore no longer unique, but it was the essential key to modern understanding of Ancient Egyptian literature and civilization. The term Rosetta Stone is now used in other contexts as the name for the essential clue to a new field of knowledge.

Description

The Rosetta Stone is listed as “a stone of black granite, bearing three inscriptions … found at Rosetta”, in a contemporary catalogue of the artifacts discovered by the French expedition and surrendered to British troops in 1801.[1] At some period after its arrival in London, the inscriptions on the stone were coloured in white chalk to make them more legible, and the remaining surface was covered with a layer of carnauba wax designed to protect the Rosetta Stone from visitors’ fingers.[2] This gave a dark colour to the stone that led to its mistaken identification as black basalt.[3] These additions were removed when the stone was cleaned in 1999, revealing the original dark grey tint of the rock, the sparkle of its crystalline structure, and a pink vein running across the top left corner.[4] Comparisons with the Klemm collection of Egyptian rock samples showed a close resemblance to rock from a small granodiorite quarry at Gebel Tingar on the west bank of the Nile, west of Elephantine in the region of Aswan; the pink vein is typical of granodiorite from this region.[5]

The Rosetta Stone is currently 114.4 centimetres (45 in) high at its highest point, 72.3 cm (28.5 in) wide, and 27.9 cm (11 in) thick. It weighs approximately 760 kilograms (1,700 lb).[6] It bears three inscriptions: the top register in Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, the second in the Egyptian demotic script, and the third in Ancient Greek.[7] The front surface is polished and the inscriptions lightly incised on it; the sides of the stone are smoothed, but the back is only roughly worked, presumably because this would have not been visible when it was erected.

Original stele

The Rosetta Stone is a fragment of a larger stele. No additional fragments were found in later searches of the Rosetta site.[9] Owing to its damaged state, none of the three texts is absolutely complete. The top register composed of Egyptian hieroglyphs suffered the most damage. Only the last 14 lines of the hieroglyphic text can be seen; all of them are broken on the right side, and 12 of them on the left. The following register of demotic text has survived best: it has 32 lines, of which the first 14 are slightly damaged on the right side. The final register of Greek text contains 54 lines, of which the first 27 survive in full; the rest are increasingly fragmentary due to a diagonal break at the bottom right of the stone.[10]

The full length of the hieroglyphic text and the total size of the original stele, of which the Rosetta Stone is a fragment, can be estimated based on comparable stelae that have survived, including other copies of the same order. The slightly earlier decree of Canopus, erected in 238 BC during the reign of Ptolemy III, is 219 centimetres (86 in) high and 82 centimetres (32 in) wide, and contains 36 lines of hieroglyphic text, 73 of demotic text, and 74 of Greek. The texts are of similar length.[11] From such comparisons it can be estimated that an additional 14 or 15 lines of hieroglyphic inscription are missing from the top register of the Rosetta Stone, amounting to another 30 centimetres (12 in).[12] In addition to the inscriptions, there would probably have been a scene depicting the king being presented to the gods, topped with a winged disk, as on the Canopus Stele. These parallels, and a hieroglyphic sign for “stela” on the stone itself (Gardiner’s SignO26)

O26

suggest that it originally had a rounded top.[7][13] The height of the original stele is estimated to have been about 149 centimetres (59 in).

Memphis decree and its context

The stele was erected after the coronation of King Ptolemy V, and was inscribed with a decree that established the divine cult of the new ruler.[14] The decree was issued by a congress of priests who gathered at Memphis. The date is given as “4 Xandicus” in the Macedonian calendar and “18 Meshir” in the Egyptian calendar, which corresponds to March 27, 196 BC. The year is stated as the ninth year of Ptolemy V’s reign (equated with 197/196 BC), and it is confirmed by naming four priests who officiated in that same year: Aëtus son of Aëtus was priest of the divine cults of Alexander the Great and the five Ptolemies down to Ptolemy V himself; his three colleagues, named in turn in the inscription, led the worship of Berenice Euergetis (wife of Ptolemy III), Arsinoe Philadelpha (wife and sister of Ptolemy II) and Arsinoe Philopator, mother of Ptolemy V.[15] However, a second date is also given in the Greek and hieroglyphic texts, corresponding to 27 November 197 BC, the official anniversary of Ptolemy’s coronation.[16] The inscription in demotic conflicts with this, listing consecutive days in March for the decree and the anniversary;[16] although it is uncertain why such discrepancies exist, it is clear that the decree was issued in 196 BC and that it was designed to re-establish the rule of the Ptolemaic kings over Egypt.[17]

The decree was issued during a turbulent period in Egyptian history. Ptolemy V Epiphanes (reigned 204–181 BC), son of Ptolemy IV Philopator and his wife and sister Arsinoe, had become ruler at the age of five after the sudden death of both of his parents, murdered, according to contemporary sources, in a conspiracy that involved Ptolemy IV’s mistress Agathoclea. The conspirators effectively ruled Egypt as Ptolemy V’s guardians,[18][19] until, two years later, a revolt broke out under the general Tlepolemus and Agathoclea and her family were lynched by a mob in Alexandria. Tlepolemus, in turn, was replaced as guardian in 201 BC by Aristomenes of Alyzia, who was chief minister at the time of the Memphis decree.[20]

Political forces beyond the borders of Egypt exacerbated the internal problems of the Ptolemaic kingdom. Antiochus III the Great and Philip V of Macedon had made a pact to divide Egypt’s overseas possessions. Philip had seized several islands and cities in Caria and Thrace, while the Battle of Panium (198 BC) had resulted in the transfer of Coele-Syria, including Judea, from the Ptolemies to the Seleucids. Meanwhile, in the south of Egypt, there was a long-standing revolt that had begun during the reign of Ptolemy IV,[16] led by Horwennefer and by his successor Ankhwennefer.[21] Both the war and the internal revolt were still ongoing when the young Ptolemy V was officially crowned at Memphis at the age of 12 (seven years after the start of his reign), and the Memphis decree issued.

The stele is a late example of a class of donation stelae, which depicts the reigning monarch granting a tax exemption to the resident priesthood.[22] Pharaohs had erected these stelae over the previous 2,000 years, the earliest examples dating from the Egyptian Old Kingdom. In earlier periods all such decrees were issued by the king himself, but the Memphis decree was issued by the priests, as the maintainers of traditional Egyptian culture.[23] The decree records that Ptolemy V gave a gift of silver and grain to the temples.[24] It also records that in the eighth year of his reign during a particularly high Nile flood, he had the excess waters dammed for the benefit of the farmers.[24] In return for these concessions, the priesthood pledged that the king’s birthday and coronation days would be celebrated annually, and that all the priests of Egypt would serve him alongside the other gods. The decree concludes with the instruction that a copy was to be placed in every temple, inscribed in the “language of the gods” (hieroglyphs), the “language of documents” (demotic), and the “language of the Greeks” as used by the Ptolemaic government.[25][26]

Securing the favour of the priesthood was essential for the Ptolemaic kings to retain effective rule over the populace. The High Priests of Memphis—where the king was crowned—were particularly important, as they were the highest religious authority of the time and had influence throughout the kingdom.[27] Given that the decree was issued at Memphis, the ancient capital of Egypt, rather than Alexandria, the centre of government of the ruling Ptolemies, it is evident that the young king was anxious to gain their active support.[28] Hence, although the government of Egypt had been Greek-speaking ever since the conquests of Alexander the Great, the Memphis decree, like the two preceding decrees in the series, included texts in Egyptian to display its relevance to the general populace by way of the literate Egyptian priesthood.[29]

There exists no one definitive English translation of the decree because of the minor differences between the three original texts and because modern understanding of the ancient languages continues to develop. An up-to-date translation by R. S. Simpson, based on the demotic text, appears on the British Museum website.[30] It can be compared with Edwyn R. Bevan‘s full translation in The House of Ptolemy (1927),[31] based on the Greek text with footnote comments on variations between this and the two Egyptian texts.

The stele almost certainly did not originate in the town of Rashid (Rosetta) where it was found, but more likely came from a temple site farther inland, possibly the royal town of Sais.[32] The temple it originally came from was probably closed around AD 392 when Eastern Roman emperor Theodosius I ordered the closing of all non-Christian temples of worship.[33] At some point the original stele broke, its largest piece becoming what we now know as the Rosetta Stone.[34] Ancient Egyptian temples were later used as quarries for new construction, and the Rosetta Stone probably was re-used in this manner. Later it was incorporated in the foundations of a fortress constructed by the MamelukeSultanQaitbay (ca. 1416/18–1496) to defend the Bolbitine branch of the Nile at Rashid.[34] There it would lie for at least another three centuries until its rediscovery.[34]

Two other inscriptions of the Memphis decrees have been found since the discovery of the Rosetta Stone: the Nubayrah Stele and an inscription found at the Temple of Philae. Unlike the Rosetta Stone, their hieroglyphic inscriptions were relatively intact, and though the inscriptions on the Rosetta Stone had been deciphered long before the discovery of the other copies of the decree, subsequent Egyptologists including Wallis Budge used these other inscriptions to further refine the actual hieroglyphs that must have been used in the lost portions of the hieroglyphic register on the Rosetta Stone.[35]

Rediscovery

On Napoleon‘s 1798 campaign in Egypt, the expeditionary army was accompanied by the Commission des Sciences et des Arts, a corps of 167 technical experts (savants). On July 15, 1799, as French soldiers under the command of Colonel d’Hautpoul were strengthening the defences of Fort Julien, a couple of miles north-east of the Egyptian port city of Rosetta (Modern day Rashid), Lieutenant Pierre-François Bouchard spotted a slab with inscriptions on one side that the soldiers had uncovered.[36] He and d’Hautpoul saw at once that it might be important and informed general Jacques-François Menou, who happened to be at Rosetta.[A] The find was announced to Napoleon’s newly founded scientific association in Cairo, the Institut d’Égypte, in a report by Commission member Michel Ange Lancret noting that it contained three inscriptions, the first in hieroglyphs and the third in Greek, and rightly suggesting that the three inscriptions would be versions of the same text. Lancret’s report, dated July 19, 1799, was read to a meeting of the Institute soon after July 25. Bouchard, meanwhile, transported the stone to Cairo for examination by scholars. Napoleon himself inspected what had already begun to be called la Pierre de Rosette, the Rosetta Stone, shortly before his return to France in August 1799.[9]

The discovery was reported in Courrier de l’Égypte, the official newspaper of the French expedition, in September: the anonymous reporter expressed a hope that the stone might one day be the key to deciphering hieroglyphs.[A][9] In 1800, three of the Commission’s technical experts devised ways to make copies of the texts on the stone. One of these, the printer and gifted linguist Jean-Joseph Marcel, is credited as the first to recognise that the middle text, originally guessed to be Syriac, was, in fact, written in the Egyptian demotic script, rarely used for stone inscriptions and, therefore, seldom seen by scholars at that time.[9] It was the artist and inventor Nicolas-Jacques Conté who found a way to use the stone itself as a printing block;[37] a slightly different method for reproducing the inscriptions was adopted by Antoine Galland. The prints that resulted were taken to Paris by General Charles Dugua. Scholars in Europe were now able to see the inscriptions and attempt to read them.[38]

After Napoleon’s departure, French troops held off British and Ottoman attacks for a further 18 months. In March 1801, the British landed at Aboukir Bay. General Jacques-François Menou, who had been one of the first to see the stone in 1799, was now in command of the French expedition. His troops, including the Commission, marched north towards the Mediterranean coast to meet the enemy, transporting the stone along with other antiquities of all kinds. Defeated in battle, Menou and the remnant of his army retreated to Alexandria where they were surrounded and besieged, the stone now inside the city. He admitted defeat and surrendered on August 30.[39][40]

From French to British possession

After the surrender, a dispute arose over the fate of French archaeological and scientific discoveries in Egypt, including a group of artifacts, biological specimens, notes, plans and drawings collected by the members of the commission. Menou refused to hand them over, claiming that they belonged to the Institute. British General John Hely-Hutchinson refused to relieve the city until Menou gave in. Scholars Edward Daniel Clarke and William Richard Hamilton, newly arrived from England, agreed to examine the collections in Alexandria and claimed to have found many artefacts that the French had not revealed. In a letter home, Clarke said that “we found much more in their possession than was represented or imagined”.[41]

When Hutchinson claimed all materials were property of the British Crown, a French scholar, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, said to Clarke and Hamilton that they would rather burn all their discoveries—referring ominously to the destruction of the Library of Alexandria—than turn them over. Clarke and Hamilton pleaded the French scholars’ case and Hutchinson finally agreed that items such as natural history specimens would be the scholars’ private property.[40][42] Menou quickly claimed the stone, too, as his private property;[43] had this been accepted, he would have been able to take it to France.[40] Equally aware of the stone’s unique value, General Hutchinson rejected Menou’s claim. Eventually an agreement was reached, and the transfer of the objects was incorporated into the Capitulation of Alexandria signed by representatives of the British, French and Ottoman forces.

How exactly the stone was transferred into British hands is not clear, as contemporary accounts differ. Colonel Tomkyns Hilgrove Turner, who was to escort it to England, claimed later that he had personally seized it from Menou and carried it away on a gun-carriage. In a much more detailed account, Edward Daniel Clarke stated that a French “officer and member of the Institute” had taken him, his student John Cripps, and Hamilton secretly into the back streets behind Menou’s residence and revealed the stone hidden under protective carpets among Menou’s baggage. According to Clarke, their informant feared that the stone might be stolen if French soldiers saw it. Hutchinson was informed at once and the stone was taken away—possibly by Turner and his gun-carriage.[44]

Turner brought the stone to England aboard the captured French frigate HMS Egyptienne, landing in Portsmouth in February 1802.[45] His orders were to present it and the other antiquities to King George III. The King, represented by the War SecretaryLord Hobart, directed that it should be placed in the British Museum. According to Turner’s narrative, he urged—and Hobart agreed—that before its final deposit in the museum, the stone should be presented to scholars at the Society of Antiquaries of London, of which Turner was a member. It was first seen and discussed there at a meeting on March 11, 1802.[B][H]

During the course of 1802, the Society created four plaster casts of the inscriptions, which were given to the universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Edinburgh and to Trinity College Dublin. Soon afterwards, prints of the inscriptions were made and circulated to European scholars.[E] Before the end of 1802, the stone was transferred to the British Museum, where it is located today.[45] New inscriptions painted in white on the left and right edges of the slab stated that it was “Captured in Egypt by the British Army in 1801″ and “Presented by King George III”.[2]

The stone has been exhibited almost continuously in the British Museum since June 1802.[6] During the middle of the 19th century, it was given the inventory number “EA 24”, “EA” standing for “Egyptian Antiquities”. It was part of a collection of ancient Egyptian monuments captured from the French expedition, including a sarcophagus of Nectanebo II (EA 10), the statue of a high priest of Amun (EA 81) and a large granite fist (EA 9).[46] The objects were soon discovered to be too heavy for the floors of Montagu House (the original building of The British Museum), and they were transferred to a new extension that was built onto the mansion. The Rosetta Stone was transferred to the sculpture gallery in 1834 shortly after Montagu House was demolished and replaced by the building that now houses the British Museum.[47] According to the museum’s records, the Rosetta Stone is its most-visited single object[48] and a simple image of it has been the museum’s best selling postcard for several decades.[49]

The Rosetta Stone was originally displayed at a slight angle from the horizontal, and rested within a metal cradle that was made for it, which involved shaving off very small portions of its sides to ensure that the cradle fitted securely.[47] It originally had no protective covering, and despite the efforts of attendants to ensure that it was not touched by visitors, by 1847 it was found necessary to place it in a protective frame.[50] Since 2004, the conserved stone has been on display in a specially built case in the centre of the Egyptian Sculpture Gallery. A replica of the Rosetta Stone as it would have appeared to early 19th-century visitors—without a case and free to touch—is now available in the King’s Library of the British Museum.[51]

Toward the end of the First World War, in 1917, the museum was concerned about heavy bombing in London and moved the Rosetta Stone to safety along with other portable objects of value. The stone spent the next two years 15.24 metres (50 ft) below ground level in a station of the Postal Tube Railway at Mount Pleasant near Holborn.[6] Other than during wartime, the Rosetta Stone has left the British Museum only once: for one month in October 1972, to be displayed alongside Champollion’s Lettre at the Louvre in Paris on the 150th anniversary of its publication.[49] Even when the Rosetta Stone was undergoing conservation measures in 1999, the work was done in the gallery so that it could remain visible to the public.[52]

Reading the Rosetta Stone

Prior to the discovery of the Rosetta Stone and its eventual decipherment, there had been no understanding of the Ancient Egyptian language and script since shortly before the fall of the Roman Empire. The usage of the hieroglyphic script had become increasingly specialised even in the later Pharaonic period; by the 4th century AD, few Egyptians were capable of reading hieroglyphs. Monumental use of hieroglyphs ceased after the closing of all non-Christian temples in the year 391 by the Roman Emperor Theodosius I; the last known inscription, found at Philae and known as The Graffito of Esmet-Akhom, is dated to 24 August 396 AD.[53]

Hieroglyphs retained their pictorial appearance and classical authors emphasised this aspect, in sharp contrast to the Greek and Roman alphabets. For example, in the 5th century the priest Horapollo wrote Hieroglyphica, an explanation of almost 200 glyphs. Believed to be authoritative yet in many ways misleading, this and other works were a lasting impediment to the understanding of Egyptian writing.[54] Later attempts at deciphering hieroglyphs were made by Arab historians in medieval Egypt during the 9th and 10th centuries. Dhul-Nun al-Misri and Ibn Wahshiyya were the first historians to study this ancient script, by relating them to the contemporary Coptic language used by Coptic priests in their time.[55][56] The study of hieroglyphs continued with fruitless attempts at decipherment by European scholars, notably Johannes Goropius Becanus in the 16th century, Athanasius Kircher in the 17th and Georg Zoëga in the 18th.[57] The discovery of the Rosetta Stone in 1799 provided critical missing information, gradually revealed by a succession of scholars, that eventually allowed Jean-François Champollion to determine the nature of this mysterious script.

Greek text

The Greek text on the Rosetta Stone provided the starting point. Ancient Greek was widely known to scholars, but the details of its use in the Hellenistic period as a government language in Ptolemaic Egypt were not familiar: large scale discoveries of Greek papyri were a long way in the future. Thus the earliest translations of the Greek text of the stone show the translators still struggling with the historical context and with administrative and religious jargon. Stephen Weston verbally presented an English translation of the Greek text at a Society of Antiquaries meeting in April 1802.[35][58] Meanwhile, two of the lithographic copies made in Egypt had reached the Institut de France in Paris, in 1801. There, the librarian and antiquarian Gabriel de La Porte du Theil set to work on a translation of the Greek. Almost immediately dispatched elsewhere on Napoleon’s orders, he left his unfinished work in the hands of a colleague, Hubert-Pascal Ameilhon, who in 1803 produced the first published translations of the Greek text, in both Latin and French to ensure that they would circulate widely.[F] At Cambridge, Richard Porson worked on the missing lower right corner of the Greek text. He produced a skillful suggested reconstruction, which was soon being circulated by the Society of Antiquaries alongside its prints of the inscription. At Göttingen at almost the same moment, the Classical historian Christian Gottlob Heyne, working from one of these prints, made a new Latin translation of the Greek text that was more reliable than Ameilhon’s. First published in 1803,[G] it was reprinted by the Society of Antiquaries, alongside Weston’s previously unpublished English translation, Colonel Turner’s narrative, and other documents, in a special issue of its journal Archaeologia in 1811.[H][59][60]

Demotic text

At the time of the stone’s discovery, the Swedishdiplomat and scholar Johan David Åkerblad was working on a little-known script of which some examples had recently been found in Egypt, which came to be known as Demotic. He called it “cursive Coptic” because, although it had few similarities with the later Coptic script, he was convinced that it was used to record some form of the Coptic language (the direct descendant of Ancient Egyptian). The French Orientalist Antoine-Isaac Silvestre de Sacy, who had been discussing this work with Åkerblad, received in 1801 from Jean-Antoine Chaptal, French minister of the interior, one of the early lithographic prints of the Rosetta Stone, and realised that the middle text was in this same script. He and Åkerblad set to work, both focusing on the middle text and assuming that the script was alphabetic. They attempted, by comparison with the Greek, to identify within this unknown text the points where Greek names ought to occur. In 1802, Silvestre de Sacy reported to Chaptal that he had successfully identified five names (“Alexandros“, “Alexandreia“, “Ptolemaios“, “Arsinoe” and Ptolemy’s title “Epiphanes“),[C] while Åkerblad published an alphabet of 29 letters (more than half of which were correct) that he had identified from the Greek names in the demotic text.[D][35] They could not, however, identify the remaining characters in the Demotic text, which, as is now known, included ideographic and other symbols alongside the phonetic ones.[61]

Hieroglyphic text

Silvestre de Sacy eventually gave up work on the stone, but he was to make another contribution. In 1811, prompted by discussions with a Chinese student about Chinese script, Silvestre de Sacy considered a suggestion made by Georg Zoëga in 1797 that the foreign names in Egyptian hieroglyphic inscriptions might be written phonetically; he also recalled that as long ago as 1761, Jean-Jacques Barthélemy had suggested that the characters enclosed in cartouches in hieroglyphic inscriptions were proper names. Thus, when Thomas Young, foreign secretary of the Royal Society of London, wrote to him about the stone in 1814, Silvestre de Sacy suggested in reply that in attempting to read the hieroglyphic text, Young might look for cartouches that ought to contain Greek names and try to identify phonetic characters in them.[62]

Young did so, with two results that together paved the way for the final decipherment. He discovered in the hieroglyphic text the phonetic characters “p t o l m e s” (in today’s transliteration “p t w l m y s“), that were used to write the Greek name “Ptolemaios“. He also noticed that these characters resembled the equivalent ones in the Demotic script, and went on to note as many as 80 similarities between the hieroglyphic and demotic texts on the stone, an important discovery because the two scripts were previously thought to be entirely different from one another. This led him to deduce correctly that the demotic script was only partly phonetic, also consisting of ideographic characters imitated from hieroglyphs.[I] Young’s new insights were prominent in the long article “Egypt” that he contributed to the Encyclopædia Britannica in 1819.[J] He could, however, get no further.[63]

In 1814, Young first exchanged correspondence about the stone with Jean-François Champollion, a teacher at Grenoble who had produced a scholarly work on ancient Egypt. Champollion, in 1822, saw copies of the brief hieroglyphic and Greek inscriptions of the Philae obelisk, on which William John Bankes had tentatively noted the names “Ptolemaios” and “Kleopatra” in both languages.[64] From this, Champollion identified the phonetic characters k l e o p a t r a (in today’s transliteration q l i҆ w p ꜣ d r ꜣ.t).[65] On the basis of this and the foreign names on the Rosetta Stone, he quickly constructed an alphabet of phonetic hieroglyphic characters, which appears, printed from his hand-drawn chart, in his “Lettre à M. Dacier“, addressed at the end of 1822 to Bon-Joseph Dacier, secretary of the Paris Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres and immediately published by the Académie.[K] This “Letter” marks the real breakthrough to reading Egyptian hieroglyphs, for not only the alphabet chart and the main text, but also the postscript in which Champollion notes that similar phonetic characters seemed to occur in not only Greek names but also native Egyptian names. During 1823, he confirmed this, identifying the names of pharaohs Ramesses and Thutmose written in cartouches in far older hieroglyphic inscriptions that had been copied by Bankes at Abu Simbel and sent on to Champollion by Jean-Nicolas Huyot.[M] From this point, the stories of the Rosetta Stone and the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphs diverge, as Champollion drew on many other texts to develop a first Ancient Egyptian grammar and a hieroglyphic dictionary, both of which were to be published after his death.[66]

Later work

Work on the stone now focused on fuller understanding of the texts and their contexts by comparing the three versions with one another. In 1824, the Classical scholar Antoine-Jean Letronne promised to prepare a new literal translation of the Greek text for Champollion’s use; Champollion promised in return an analysis of all the points at which the three texts seemed to differ. Following Champollion’s sudden death in 1832, his draft of this analysis could not be found, and Letronne’s work stalled. At the death in 1838 of François Salvolini, Champollion’s former student and assistant, this and other missing drafts were found among his papers (incidentally demonstrating that Salvolini’s own publication on the stone, in 1837, was plagiarism).[O] Letronne was at last able to complete his commentary on the Greek text and his new French translation of it, which appeared in 1841.[P] During the early 1850s, two German Egyptologists, Heinrich Brugsch and Max Uhlemann, produced revised Latin translations based on the demotic and hieroglyphic texts;[Q][R] the first English translation, the work of three members of the Philomathean Society at the University of Pennsylvania, followed in 1858.[S]

The question of whether one of the three texts was the standard version from which the other two were originally translated has remained controversial. Letronne, in 1841, attempted to show that the Greek version (that of the Egyptian government under its Ptolemaic dynasty) was the original.[P] Among recent authors, John Ray has stated that “the hieroglyphs were the most important of the scripts on the stone: they were there for the gods to read, and the more learned of their priesthood”.[7] Philippe Derchain and Heinz Josef Thissen have argued that all three versions were composed simultaneously, while Stephen Quirke sees in the decree “an intricate coalescence of three vital textual traditions”.[67]Richard Parkinson points out that the hieroglyphic version, straying from archaic formalism, occasionally lapses into language closer to that of the demotic register that the priests more commonly used in everyday life.[23] The fact that the three versions cannot be matched word for word helps to explain why its decipherment has been more difficult than originally expected, especially for those original scholars who were expecting an exact bilingual key to Egyptian hieroglyphs.[68]

Rivalries

Even before the Salvolini affair, disputes over precedence and plagiarism punctuated the decipherment story. Thomas Young’s work is acknowledged in Champollion’s 1822 Lettre à M. Dacier, but incompletely, according to British critics: for example, James Browne, a sub-editor on the Encyclopædia Britannica (which had published Young’s 1819 article), contributed anonymously a series of review articles to the Edinburgh Review in 1823, praising Young’s work highly and alleging that the “unscrupulous” Champollion plagiarised it.[69][70] These articles were translated into French by Julius Klaproth and published in book form in 1827.[N] Young’s own 1823 publication reasserted the contribution that he had made.[L] The early deaths of Young and Champollion, in 1829 and 1832, did not put an end to these disputes; the authoritative work on the stone by the British Museum curator E. A. Wallis Budge, published in 1904, gives special emphasis to Young’s contribution by contrast with Champollion’s.[71] In the early 1970s, French visitors complained that the portrait of Champollion was smaller than one of Young on an adjacent information panel; English visitors complained that the opposite was true. Both portraits were in fact the same size.[49]

Requests for repatriation to Egypt

In July 2003, on the occasion of the British Museum’s 250th anniversary, Egypt first requested the return of the Rosetta Stone. Zahi Hawass, the former chief of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities, asked that the stele be repatriated to Egypt, urging in comments to reporters: “If the British want to be remembered, if they want to restore their reputation, they should volunteer to return the Rosetta Stone because it is the icon of our Egyptian identity”.[72] Two years later in Paris he repeated the proposal, listing the stone as one of several key items belonging to Egypt’s cultural heritage, a list which also included the iconic bust of Nefertiti in the Egyptian Museum of Berlin; a statue of the Great Pyramid architect Hemiunu in the Roemer-und-Pelizaeus-Museum in Hildesheim, Germany; the Dendara Temple Zodiac in the Louvre in Paris; and the bust of Ankhhaf from the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.[73] During 2005, the British Museum presented to Egypt a full-size replica of the stele. This was initially displayed in the renovated Rashid National Museum, close to the site where the stone was found.[74] By November 2005, Hawass was suggesting a three-month loan of the Rosetta Stone, while reiterating the eventual goal of a permanent return;[75] in December 2009, he proposed to drop his claim for the permanent return of the Rosetta Stone if the British Museum loaned the stone to Egypt for three months, for the opening of the Grand Egyptian Museum at Giza in 2013.[76]

As John Ray has observed, “the day may come when the stone has spent longer in the British Museum than it ever did in Rosetta.”[77] There is strong opposition among national museums to the repatriation of objects of international cultural significance such as the Rosetta Stone. In response to repeated Greek requests for return of the Elgin Marbles and similar requests to other museums around the world, in 2002, over 30 of the world’s leading museums — including the British Museum, the Louvre, the Pergamon Museum in Berlin and the Metropolitan Museum in New York City — issued a joint statement declaring that “objects acquired in earlier times must be viewed in the light of different sensitivities and values reflective of that earlier era” and that “museums serve not just the citizens of one nation but the people of every nation”.[78]

Idiomatic use

The term Rosetta stone has been used idiomatically to represent a crucial key to the process of decryption of encoded information, especially when a small but representative sample is recognized as the clue to understanding a larger whole.[79] According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the first figurative use of the term appeared in the 1902 edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica relating to an entry on the chemical analysis of glucose.[79] An almost literal use of the phrase appears in popular fiction within H. G. Wells‘ 1933 novel The Shape of Things to Come, where the protagonist finds a manuscript written in shorthand that provides a key to understanding additional scattered material that is sketched out in both longhand and on typewriter.[79] Perhaps its most important and prominent usage in scientific literature was Nobel laureateTheodor W. Hänsch‘s reference in a 1979 Scientific American article on spectroscopy where he says that “the spectrum of the hydrogen atoms has proved to be the Rosetta stone of modern physics: once this pattern of lines had been deciphered much else could also be understood”.[79]

Since then the term has been widely used in other contexts. For example, fully understanding the key set of genes to the human leucocyte antigen has been described as being “the Rosetta Stone of immunology”.[80] The flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana has been called the “Rosetta Stone of flowering time”.[81] A Gamma ray burst (GRB) found in conjunction with a supernova has been called a Rosetta Stone for understanding the origin of GRBs.[82] The technique of Doppler echocardiography has been called a Rosetta Stone for clinicians trying to understand the complex process by which the left ventricle of the human heart can be filled during various forms of diastolic dysfunction.[83]

The name has also become used in various forms of translation software. Rosetta Stone is a brand of language-learning software published by Rosetta Stone Ltd., headquartered in Arlington County, Virginia, US. “Rosetta” is the name of a “lightweight dynamic translator” that enables applications compiled for PowerPC processor to run on Apple systems using an x86 processor. “Rosetta” is an online language translation tool to help localisation of software, developed and maintained by Canonical as part of the Launchpad project. Similarly, Rosetta@home is a distributed computing project for predicting (or translating) protein structures. The Rosetta Project brings language specialists and native speakers together to develop a meaningful survey and near permanent archive of 1,500 languages, intended to last from AD 2000 to 12,000. The Rosetta spacecraft is on a ten-year mission to study the comet67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, in the hopes that determining its composition will reveal the origins of the Solar System.

Source

So there you have a nice information pack and then we have a nice document about the stone and the story how French and British fought about these archeological findings. I find it fascinating that we the “people” can’t make cooperation with these findings. We are always fighting about anything, sad really:

 

And here is the Rosetta Stone’s text in translated in English:

The Rosetta Stone is an ancient Egyptian granodiorite stele inscribed with a decree issued at Memphis in 196 BC on behalf of King Ptolemy V. The decree appears in three scripts: the upper text is Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, the middle portion Demotic script, and the lowest Ancient Greek. Because it presents essentially the same text in all three scripts (with some minor differences between them), it provided the key to the modern understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphs.

 

 

Nice piece of history and very interesting artifact. This was the key to understand the ancient hieroglyphs in the Egypt and in the Pyramids. It’s like an ancient dictionary if you like.  More ancient and secret sites coming, so stay tuned and keep on searching!

Viktor Grebennikov’s Flying Platform

 

Image:Grebennikov-platform.jpg
 

Here’s a little post of a man called Viktor Grebennikov he claimed to have a platform which defied gravity and time. So here it goes:

Viktor Stepanovich Grebennikov (Виктор Степанович Гребенников) (1927–2001) was a Russianscientist, naturalist and entomologist who claimed to have invented a levitation platform which operated by virtue of insect body parts attached to the underside. Grebennikov wrote detailed accounts of his 1988 discovery, which involved an accident whilst examining chitin shells. He also wrote of his experiencies flying over the Russian countryside in his book titled “My world”. The Cavernous Structure Effect (CSE) he discovered is an alleged anti-gravity effect.

Although popular with many readers who dream of unpowered human flight, Grebennikov’s work is criticized by scientists. His reports are suspiciously devoid of conclusive proof or public demonstration. He claimed that his camera shutter was jammed during the flights due to a time-warping force-field generated by the secret geometric power of chitin.

Source

Here is a Youtube video about this:

This is a short clip from a DVD called, “Aether, ZPE and Dielectric Nanostructure Arrays Lecture – by Jerry Decker.” Buy it here: http://vanguardsciences.biz/dvds.htm

In the DVD, he talks about the theory and correlations between dielectric nanostructures and gravity, energy and time as well as various related alternative science items. Details of initial personal communications with the late Victor Grebennikov describing his experiments, including the information about his antigravity flying platform based on a natural gravity deflecting material he discovered.

This clip deals mainly with the work of “Viktor Stepanovich Grebennikov (1927-2001) who was a Russian scientist, naturalist and entomologist who claimed to have invented a levitation platform which operated by virtue of insect body parts attached to the underside. Grebennikov wrote detailed accounts of his 1988 discovery, which involved an accident whilst examining chitin shells. He also wrote of his experiencies flying over the Russian countryside.

Although popular with many readers who dream of unpowered human flight, Grebennikov’s work is criticized by scientists. His reports are suspiciously devoid of conclusive proof or public demonstration. He claimed that his camera shutter was jammed during the flights due to a time-warping force-field generated by the secret geometric power of chitin.”
-From Wikipedia

Read Chapter 5 of his book here:
http://www.keelynet.com/greb/greb.htm

 

And here is a documentary about Viktor Grebennikov (2 parts):

 

>> Here’s a pdf of Viktor’s device

More anti-gravity stuff coming, but this was a nice little post about a man who’s invention could have changed the World as we know it.

Forbidden technology part V, Hutchison Effect and Ark Of The Covenant

This next post is about a “Mad” scientist called John Hutchison. Many people claim that he is a hoax and his so called “Hutchinson Effect” is a big joke, but something tells me that it isn’t the whole truth. There are lots of disinformation related to Hutchinson, but what waked up my interest to this guy was the replica of the Ark Of The Covenant, which he built with couple of guys and it was a very powerful device. And beside that John is a very funny and warm man. Here is small description of John Hutchinson:

John Hutchison’s life changed drastically in 1979 when, upon starting up an array of high-voltage equipment, he felt something hit his shoulder. He threw the piece of metal back to where it seemed to have originated, and it flew up and hit him again. This was how he originally discovered fundamental frequencies can shield gravity. When his Tesla coils, electrostatic generator, and other equipment created a complex electromagnetic field, heavy pieces of metal levitated and shot toward the ceiling, and some pieces shredded. Upon analysis and thorough investigation, the Canadian government dubbed this phenomenon the Hutchison-Effect.

What is the Hutchison effect? As with much of the new-energy field, no one can say for sure. Some theorists think the effect is the result of opposing electromagnetic fields canceling each other out, creating a powerful flow of space energy. The Canadian government also reported invisible samples phasing in and out of existence. A Vancouver businessman, George Hathaway, heard about the Hutchison Effect in 1980, contacted Hutchison, and brought in a consulting engineer from Boeing Aerospace, and the Canadian government to form a company that would promote technology developed from the effect. Many different political factors ensured Hutchison would not be allowed to continue in his research unless he signed agreements with either the Canadian government or the U.S. military. John refused. During one of John’s overseas trips to Germany, the Canadian government seized the opportunity to acquire all of John’s priceless replications of Nikola Tesla’s equipment by paying off his “partner” George Liscazis upwards of 70 million dollars and creating a false PCB scandal so they could use the local press to justify their actions and hide the true nature of what the government was actually removing from John’s Lab located at 13th and Kingsway,

Vancouver B.C. After many more years of experiments, demonstrations and lectures in other countries such as U.S.A. Germany and Japan, Hutchison returned to Vancouver in 1991. Piece by piece, he built out of surplus Navy equipment what now had become a landmark in New Westminster, British Colombia. John has built himself an apartment laboratory second to none. It took several years before he could reestablish his collection, however despite many obstacles , most political, John, until recently had his apartment lab equipped to perform for all types of media demonstrating the Hutchison Effect. The Mayor of New Westminster forced him to cease in 2006, then in 2010 John was forcibly removed by order of the Mayor directing the fire marshal to remove him from his famous apartment lab on 5th Ave.

Under the ExperimentsSection, you will find John and friends are still developing new ideas, and historically engineering suppressed and lost technologies for release and scrutiny by the general public. The Egyptian Technology Section, and the Atlantean Technology Section are favorite topics, of ours and the fans. In John’s newsletter, he has released never before seen, previously classified documentation from his own works as well as some of the Department of Defense documentation he has acquired over the years from government sources, with or without official authorization.

Please enjoy this independent scientist’s website and all it has to offer. John has remained independent regardless of multi million dollar offers to conceal his findings from the general public. NASA is among the agencies he has turned down, as well as both the superpowers offerings to privatize and or militarize his inventions. John believes in a world of free energy and the marvels of anti- gravity for the general public, not just those in positions of power. Now that the government has destroyed his third laboratory, and again taken his home from him, where did John end up with his tiny fixed income and boxes of his broken dreams? A German research team gave him enough seed money to take his whole show on the road with his new wife Nancy. As John travels the U.S.A. in his newly converted S.W.A.T. bus, he treats polluted waters of the gulf with the Hutchison Effect and researches different possible pollution solutions from his mobile command center. He also remains hopeful his inventions one day will ease the burden and suffering, and enrich all of mankind all around the world, rich or poor.

In the end, the government didn’t crush his spirit and destroy his dreams. They set him loose. John roams the planet quite freely now with his wife and explores natures mysteries to this very day. We hope you enjoy the website, and if you feel a desire to participate in John’s adventure, all you need to do is email him.

Source

John has investigated many things, but his main research has been his so called “Hutchington Effect”:

An inventor in Canada named John Hutchison is credited with one of science’s most unusual and controversial discoveries. It is described as a “highly-anomalous electromagnetic effect which causes the jellification of metals, spontaneous levitation of common substances, and other effects.” It is known as the Hutchison Effect, or the H-Effect for short.

What the H-Effect is purported to do is nothing short of extraordinary. It is said to cause objects to defy gravity, cause metal to spontaneously fracture, cause dissimilar materials to fuse (such as metal and wood), and other strange phenomena. Hutchison has captured the effect on video many times, and claims to have demonstrated it for scientists from U.S. Army intelligence. But the claims are mired in doubt because the effect is not reproducible, even by the discoverer himself.

Hutchison is a bit of an eccentric, conducting his experiments in his apartment using surplus Navy and Army electronic equipment. His living space is absolutely crowded with oscilloscopes, digital readouts, gauges, switches, lights, receiver dishes, chains, and all manner of hardware. His supporters often liken him to the brilliant scientist and inventor Nikola Tesla, and in fact it was during an attempt to reproduce one of Tesla’s experiments that the H-Effect was said to have been accidentally discovered.

Hutchison’s experiments utilized multiple electrical coils called Tesla coils, as well as a static electricity machine called a Van de Graaf generator. How these high-voltage devices work in concert to create the H-Effect is uncertain, but supporters believe that a hypothetical electromagnetic wave called a scalar wave allowed Hutchison’s apparatus to tap an exotic energy called zero-point energy.

Zero-point energy is the energy present at zero degrees Kelvin zero Kelvins, the temperature at which all activity in an atom supposedly ceases. It is also called vacuum energy because it is descriptive of the energy in a perfect vacuum, where no light or matter is present. In this state, random electromagnetic oscillations can still be observed, meaning that there is still some amount of energy present. Essentially, the concept of tapping zero-point energy assumes that the universe is saturated in a constant background energy which we cannot observe because it is present everywhere, even within ourselves and our measuring devices. If such energy exists, it could be an enormous amount… it is theorized that there is enough energy in the volume the size of a coffee cup to completely boil away Earth’s oceans.

Much of the criticism of Hutchison’s work stems from the shortage of impartial third-party observations, and by the fact that the H-Effect has not yet been reproduced elsewhere. There are several demonstration videos supposedly showing the phenomena, including a few short videos online and some more involved footage which he sells by mail-order for up to $150. The online videos indeed feature close-up shots of objects which appear to be levitating and moving in strange ways, but many suspect that his levitation tricks are fakery.

One suggestion made by skeptics is that Hutchison uses an electromagnet on the ceiling, and places hidden pieces of metal inside objects so they will be attracted to the magnet. He could then film the objects with an upside-down camera as he powers down the electromagnet, making the objects on film appear to float up and out of the shot when in reality they are falling down to the floor. Many of the videos include conspicuous objects in the scene which do not move (such as an old broom), which could be deliberately attached to add to the illusion that the camera is not upside-down. Critics also point out that the videos do not show what happens to the objects after they levitate.

One particularly damning piece of evidence against him is a video he produced for a television special which shows a toy UFO levitating and jumping around wildly. A string is clearly visible in the upper left-hand corner of the video, wiggling in sync with the UFO’s movements. At first Hutchison claimed that it was a wire which was part of the apparatus, but later he confessed that he was “creative” with the footage because he has been unable to reproduce the effect since 1991.

Given that Hutchison’s claims are outlandish and his credibility damaged by admitted fakery, it is likely that the effect named for him is complete claptrap. Carl Sagan famously said that “extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence,” and Hutchison offers no such evidence aside from easily faked videos and unsubstantiated claims. But much valuable science has been done by eccentrics who are mocked by the rest of the scientific community in their time… so it is possible that his claims are indeed valid. Science is half skepticism and half open-mindedness, so as much as I doubt the veracity of Hutchison’s claims, at the same time I would be delighted to be proven wrong.

Source

Here is John’s official film about Hutchington Effect:

 Hutchington has investicated the famous Ark Of The Covenant. Here is first a little bit different description of the ark:

This is a condensed version of Gnosis Part 4: Ark of the Covenant

Like the Grail, the Ark of the Covenant was an object endowed with supernatural powers. The Ark is described in the Bible as a large wooden chest on carrying poles, gilded inside and out with gold, and having a solid gold lid surmounted by two golden winged figures.

The Ark remains the most sacred artifact of the Jews despite their losing it long ago. Without it, their ancestors would not have overcome certain obstacles, vanquished their enemies, received guidance from it, or prospered into the eventual nation of Israel. Therefore the entire Judeo-Christian paradigm owes its existence to the Ark of the Covenant.

Is the Bible’s descriptions of the Ark accurate? Well, the Old Testament is a fictional story pieced together from separate historical episodes. Isolated parts are true within their original contexts, but they may be out of order, superimposed, embellished, or borrowed from other cultures. Here are some examples:

  • The story of Moses being drawn from a river comes from an Akkadian legend pertaining to the genesis of their king, Sargon the Great. The Akkadians may have actually been the Hyksos, who reigned in Egypt from 1628 to 1550 B.C. When the Hyksos were expelled from Egypt, they resettled in Canaan and their descendants became Israel.
  • The two pharaohs of the Exodus were Pepi II and Merenre II circa 2200 B.C. They were the last pharaohs of the Old Kingdom of Egypt. This is almost a thousand years before conventional Biblical chronology places the Exodus.
  • The cataclysm that ended the Old Kingdom and killed Merenre II in the “place of the whirlpool” occurred around 2190 B.C. and was an early contributor to the stories of Passover, the Ten Plagues, and the Parting of the Sea of Reeds.
  • In 1628 B.C., the Mediterranean super-volcano of Thera exploded, forcing migrations out of Egypt and inspiring further additions to the stories of Exodus, particularly the Israelites seeing a pillar of cloud and fire before and later behind their wandering procession.
  • The Semitic Hyksos were purged from Egypt in 1550 B.C. after being paid off in large sums of gold and silver to leave. From this derives the story of the Israelites being given gold, silver, clothing, and jewels by the Egyptians in preparation for their exodus. The walls of Jericho fell around 1550 B.C. according to archeological dating, suggesting the Ark of the Covenant was en route to Canaan by that point.
  • The historical King Solomon lived in north-central Canaan in the decades following the Hyksos expulsion from Egypt. According to classical historian Flavius Josephus, the Hyksos founded Jerusalem.
  • The historical Temple of Solomon was built around 1500 B.C. along with the megalithic temple complex at Baalbek located in modern day Lebanon. Both were constructed by the Phoenicians using advanced technology; they were familiar with the Ark of the Covenant.
  • Queen Hatshepsut (1508–1458 BC) was contemporary with the historical King Solomon and may have held personal relations with him, the Phoenicians, and the Mitanni. Some believe she was Queen Sheba of the Bible.
  • After Hatsepshut died, her nephew and successor Thuthmose III waged military campaigns into northern Canaan and sacked Solomon’s Temple just four decades after it was built. He then defaced Hatshepsut’s statues and attempted to erase her from history. Thuthmose III was the historical basis for the Biblical pharaoh Shishak.
  • Pharaoh Akhenaten (reigned 1353 – 1336 B.C.) imposed a tyrannical form of monotheism upon Egypt. At the end of his infamous reign, traditionalists who had remained loyal to the old ways attempted to cleanse Egypt of Akhenaten’s influence. One of Akhenaten’s devoted followers, a high priest named Osarseph, resisted this by leading an uprising against the Egyptian traditionalists. The uprising failed, and he was forced to flee Egypt with his followers. Osarseph became the historical model for the Biblical Moses. They fled to Canaan and integrated with the descendants of earlier Egyptian exiles.

Despite being an invented narrative overall, the Old Testament still contains factual portions. Hence we can confidently glean from scripture the technical capabilities of the Ark of the Covenant, since these derive from actual historical events. What follows is a list of key aspects of the Ark and my interpretations of them.

Ark: Etheric and Electric Fields

The Ark is infamous for its deadly energy discharges. Those unqualified to touch, approach, or even look at the Ark would be struck dead. In attempting to explain this, others have noted that the gilded wooden box resembles a capacitor, something that stores electric charge. Since the Ark could accumulate and store high voltage electricity, some conclude the Ark was nothing more than a big capacitor. A large enough capacitor can indeed electrocute a person, but according to my calculations, the capacitance of the Ark is too small to do so. There is no way a wood-based capacitor by itself can accumulate enough power to kill a crowd, let alone surround itself with a glowing energy field and perform the more miraculous feats ascribed to it.

While the Ark may be a capacitor, that is only a small aspect of its total function. For instance, its construction resembles that of an orgone accumulator, a device invented by Wilhelm Reich to concentrate etheric energy. One has to go beyond regular physics to understand it. The Ark alone cannot do what the Bible says it can, at least not according to conventional science. High demiurgic technology, however, explains everything.

Since it was a chest with a lid, the Ark presumably carried something, and that object may have been responsible for its purported powers. The Bible says that the first item it carried was the stone tablet that Moses brought out from Mount Sinai. This fictional story has elements of truth, namely that a stone-like object was retrieved and placed in the Ark, after which it brimmed with energy. Therefore the Ark served more as the housing for a mysterious object placed inside. From this point on, when I refer to the Ark, I mean the Ark with this power source installed.

When it was being transported, it was thoroughly wrapped in shielding material and its carriers were forbidden from touching or looking directly at it. This indicates the Ark radiated a dangerous energy. When encamped, it was kept inside a structure known as the Tabernacle. The Tabernacle was a portable tent system designed to safely contain and surround the Ark. The first tent around the Ark was made of flax linen, the second of woven goat hair, third and fourth of dyed animal skins. This great redundancy in layer upon layer appears to be additional shielding. And shielding is only necessary if the Ark were putting out an intense energy field.

The choice of construction materials is significant. Flax fiber has a spiral crystalline structure. Hair and wool strands are nonlinear dielectrics, making them excellent attenuators of scalar waves. Baron von Reichenbach found through extensive experimentation that wool had the ability to attenuate etheric energy, the same way metal shielding attenuates electromagnetic waves.

Copper, silver, and gold were the only metals used in constructing the Ark and the Tabernacle. Iron was strictly forbidden. Folklore says that fairies and other supernatural beings have an aversion to iron. It seems that iron has undesirable effects upon etheric entities and technologies. Therefore we can infer that ferromagnetic materials interfered with the Ark’s operation, save iron-containing blood that played an important role in its function.

From the above, we can already see that the Ark’s operation included both etheric and electric elements. We are dealing with demiurgic technology here, not human technology.

Ark: Vortical Plasmic Intelligence

The Ark was surrounded by a luminous cloud known as the “Glory of the Lord” or “Shekhina,” the latter being a Hebrew term literally meaning the dwelling, settling, or presence of the Lord. It would seem that the Shekhina is just an electrical corona emanating from the golden winged figures, however the Shekhina was mobile and independent of the Ark. For instance, the Shekhina accompanied the Biblical Hebrews out of Egypt even before the Ark was built. It led them as a pillar of cloud by day and fire by night as they crossed the desert. It settled itself on Mount Sinai. It appeared in the desert when food was about to manifest from the heavens. Even after the Ark was built, the Shekhina could leave it and freely travel about of its own volition.

The Shekhina is described as looking like a “pillar of cloud” during daylight, suggesting condensation of water vapor into a visible tornado-like structure. This makes sense because, according to Wilhelm Reich, sufficiently dense orgone energy causes water vapor condensation. At night it glowed like a “pillar of fire” possibly indicating it was a fiery plasma. A very dense etheric energy field accounts for both the condensation of water vapor into visible mist and the glowing field of ionized gas. When kept in an enclosed shielded place like the inner Tabernacle tent or inner chamber of Solomon’s Temple, the Shekhina would fill the space like a luminous fog.

Solomon’s Temple was built to house the Ark permanently. Like the Tabernacle, the Ark rested within the Temple’s central chamber surrounded by numerous shielding walls. The energy field diffused and filled the space surrounding the Ark, creating a glowing atmosphere testifying to the power residing in Solomon’s Temple. This first temple was eventually destroyed and the Ark went missing. The second Temple of Solomon completed in 516 BC lacked both the Ark and its Shekhina. While the people rejoiced that their temple was back, the priests lamented because they knew it was missing the most critical component.

Note that all these characteristics don’t support the notion that the pillar of fire and cloud was an alien spaceship. It’s something else. That the Shekhina could localize upon the lid of the Ark and give messages or travel about freely suggests that it possessed intelligence and volition. Enough so that the Hebrews were convinced it really was their Lord dwelling in their midst.

Ark: Water Influencer

When the Hebrews fled Egypt under pursuit by the Egyptian army, the “Lord” went ahead of them and parted the Sea of Reeds so that they could cross. Water piled up into vertical walls and allowed passage over dry ground as though a solid force field had materialized left, right, and underneath them. The waters literally congealed beneath their feet and kept them dry. Later the Ark was used to part the Jordan River. Levite priests carried the Ark into the river, causing water to pile up on both sides some distance away and allowing the Israelites to once again cross over what they perceived as dry ground. When the priests carried the Ark to the other side, the river resumed course.

Mere weather or seismic explanations don’t account for this. Note also that while the water was pushed away, the people crossing were not; therefore it wasn’t just an outwardly blowing antigravitational field but something acting selectively on just water. Either the powered Ark created a shell-like force field or else it had direct control over water itself.

In another curious detail, cast metal basins were installed both in the Tabernacle and in Solomon’s Temple. In the Tabernacle it was a smaller bronze basin filled with water, said to be for washing. It was kept between the inner tent and a sacrificial altar in the courtyard where the Shekhina could pass over it. In Solomon’s Temple the basin was circular, fifteen feet in diameter and almost eight feet high. Presumably it was also filled with water, but something that large and deep excludes a basin solely for washing. Therefore one could speculate that the Shekhina had an affinity for water and the basins served a functional purpose toward that end. Wilhelm Reich wrote about the great affinity that orgone and water have for each other. A circular basin like that at Solomon’s Temple is the optimal shape for a whirlpool, and water scientist Viktor Schauberger indicated that whirlpools infuse water with etheric lifeforce energy.

Ark: Soul Frequency Selectivity

The Ark was selective with what effects it had upon whom. Those who possessed a high degree of etheric and astral integrity and obeyed protocol were left unharmed. This included the Levite Priests in charge of operating the Ark. Those who disobeyed protocol or were spiritually tarnished were struck dead or afflicted with sores, boils, and other symptoms of biological disintegration mimicking leprosy.

When the Philistines captured the Ark, wherever they moved it among their territories there broke out death, boils and in one case an outbreak of mice. This illustrates what happens when the Ark is brought in the midst of those who have not been sufficiently trained and purified. It seems to amplify and bring into outward manifestation the quality of their psychic energy, which in the case of decadence could manifest boils and mice. This is in contrast to the Ark’s enriching influence when stationed in Biblical Jerusalem.

Not only did the Levites have to wear special clothing and follow certain safety protocol, they also had to be of sufficient spiritual purity. Likewise the Grail would only let itself be cared for by a woman of perfect chastity and purity. It wasn’t enough to simply practice electrical safety because the Ark wasn’t just a high voltage device, but a Demiurgic one that translated astral/spiritual qualities into physical manifestation.

Ark: Manifesting Food

When the Israelites ran out of food while crossing the desert to Canaan, the Shekhina manifested food for them. It covered their camp with quail birds to provide meat in the evening, and coated the bare ground with dew that turned into edible granules called manna. Manna ceased to fall once the Israelites arrived in an area and ate its grain. This shows it was not a natural phenomenon, but that there was intelligence behind it. The appearance of manna was cyclical, with twice the quantity raining down on the sixth day of the week and none on Sabbath, which was a holy day of rest and worship. If true, this suggests the Ark was being operated by someone who obeyed the weekly Sabbath system, thereby implying that one or a few operators manifested food for the entire camp. Contrast this with the story told in Parzival, where the Grail Stone manifested food and drink according to the visualized desires of each knight who held his empty plate and cup before it.

If this account is taken literally, then the Shekhina had the power to manifest or attract particular animals, like quail in this case. When the Philistines captured the Ark, a plague of mice broke out in one city where it was stationed, thus another case of specific animals being manifested or attracted. And according to Jewish oral tradition, King Solomon had the power to draw specific wild animals to his Temple because he knew their “names.” A name in this context is a type of word unique to a thing, basically its spiritual archetype, astral signature, or Logoic template.

Ark: Loosh Transducer

In Robert Monroe’s book Far Journeys, “loosh” is defined as a metaphysical energy that ranges from the crudest etheric energy produced by plants to the most refined astral energy produced via human love and suffering. Loosh is equivalent to demiurgic energy.

It appears the Ark of the Covenant was powered, triggered, or catalyzed by externally supplied loosh. One example being the profuse level of animal sacrifices that the Israelites performed before the Ark in order to please their Lord. Another example being King David dancing half-naked before the Ark after its homecoming from Philistine capture.

David dancing before the Ark has stumped many. But as evidenced by Native American rain dances, the technical dances of the Sufis, or Rudolf Steiner’s Eurythmy, dance is a motional ritual that is highly active on an occult level and generates specific patterns of energies. The more intense the dance, the greater the energy output.

Animal sacrifices are convenient loosh sources. Slaughter liberates astral energies via the emotional experience of dying, while fat and blood provide rich sources of etheric energy. Levite priests sprinkled animal blood against the Tabernacle altar on all sides and burned the fatty carcass upon it, which would entice the Shekhina to exit the tent and consume the remains.

The Jewish practice of ritual slaughter is known as Shekhita. It involves precise cutting of the animal’s throat to ensure a calm but conscious death. Afterwards, the animal is fully drained of its blood. Interestingly, cows and bulls are the main targets of cattle mutilations. They are killed while fully conscious and later found completely drained of blood.

The Egyptian word for bull is “Ka” which is identically the Egyptian name for lifeforce energy. This suggests lifeforce was the primary concept associated with bulls. Ka is said to determine one’s destiny, habits, and vitality. It’s clear that Ka translates to etheric body. Hence the Egyptians sacrificed bulls, possibly to harvest loosh.

Whereas the ancients resorted to animal sacrifice and other crude means to activate the Ark, the Grail knights merely maintained a state of spiritual transcendence to activate the Grail stone by thought alone. The Grail knights were burning with a Christ energy, not in a religious sense, but in the sense of their being vessels for the positive personification of the divine Logos. In other words, they were connected to the highest, purest, most vibrationally elevated loosh source in existence — the face of God.

Those who cannot tap into this higher energy/intelligence must resort to lesser methods and sources to trigger their desired demiurgic effects. These include ritual, dance, sexual energy, animal sacrifice, and human sacrifice. When loosh cannot be tapped from an infinite source, cruder grades must be harvested from finite sources; the Israelite and Egyptian use of animal sacrifice illustrates this.

Ark: Sound and Pyramid Connection

Sound consistently accompanies the Ark’s operation and effects.

One example is the fall of Jericho, where the Israelites were instructed how to breach the walls. They were to march around the city for six days carrying the Ark, and on the seventh day the priests would blow trumpets in unison with everyone shouting. This caused the walls of Jericho to crumble, allowing the Israelites (actually the Hyksos exiles) to enter and slaughter every living being in the city.

Another example is the sound associated with the Shekhina’s activities on Mount Sinai. The trembling mountain was covered with smoke as a trumpet sound grew louder and louder.

There are other examples of shouting, music, and trumpet blasts being present during Ark and Shekhina activities. It seems that sound, like loosh, played an important role. Frequency and amplitude are the main variables defining a sound. That volume is emphasized in the above accounts suggests that the Ark translated sonic energy into something else in proportion to its intensity, and vice versa.

In Tempest and Exodus, Ralph Ellis makes a convincing case that Mount Sinai of the Bible was actually the Great Pyramid. For instance, Mount Sinai is traditionally described as the tallest of three mountains, each of which contained deep “caves.” Moses was commanded to go into Mount Sinai. It was named for the sharpness of its peak and infamous for the steepness of its sides. The base of Mount Sinai was encircled by armed guards, which is unfeasible for an actual mountain, but not the Great Pyramid. If true, it would be one among many indicators that the Ark had something to do with the Great Pyramid. When Moses emerged from Mount Sinai, he descended with the stone “tablet”, which he subsequently placed into the Ark. Hence the Ark’s power source was retrieved from within the Great Pyramid.

The Great Pyramid today is a gutted machine with all its active components missing. Christopher Dunn, author of The Giza Power Plant, has investigated the original function o the Great Pyramid. According to Dunn, the Pyramid’s function depended on several critical aspects:

1) the Queen’s Chamber into which chemicals were dumped to produce hydrogen gas,
2) the Grand Gallery serving as a sound production and amplification chamber via its hypothesized network of acoustic resonators
3) the antechamber with its movable vertical stone slabs that could fine tune the sound coming from the Grand Gallery,
4) the King’s Chamber where sonic energy was focused to vibrate the granite stones in order to piezoelectrically produce electromagnetic waves that energized the hydrogen gas filling these chambers.

If you look carefully at the Grand Gallery and the antechamber according to Dunn’s description, you will see that they respectively mimic the human larynx and tongue, teeth, and lips. If the Grand Gallery produced sound, it might have been through a collection of installed tuning forks and resonators that converted their vibrations into a loud and focused beam aimed toward the King’s Chamber. This mass of sound enters the antechamber and is modulated by the series of adjustable granite gates. In other words, the Great Pyramid functioned as a vowel resonator. Thus a vowel sound would have been pumped with great intensity into the King’s Chamber.

In the King’s Chamber, there is a granite chest whose dimensions are similar but not identical to those of the Ark of the Covenant. It’s been proposed that the Ark slid into this chest, but considering the narrow entrance to the room it’s more likely that the smaller stone-like power source was placed there, with the Pyramid itself serving as the original Ark/Tabernacle/Temple. Moses bringing back the stone from inside “Mount Sinai” supports this.

One may imagine the “Ark Stone” being stationed in the King’s Chamber and saturating the connecting spaces with its luminous energy field. Plasma is ionized gas, and if the chambers were filled with pure hydrogen as Dunn proposes, then it would have been a hydrogen plasma. The entire vowel resonator may have been filled with hydrogen plasma through which tunable sound was pumped from the Grand Gallery through the formant-synthesizing antechamber. And when you pump sound waves through a charged plasma, the result is longitudinal electromagnetic waves, which are identically time, gravity, or etheric energy waves.

Ark: Physical Terrain Transformer

Jewish oral tradition ascribes several additional powers to the Ark not mentioned in the Old Testament:

1) as it was being carried by the Israelite vanguard, the Ark cleared the path of scorpions and snakes via a burning ray issuing forth from the Mercy Seat,

2) the Levites carrying it would also be carried by it, meaning levitation.

3) the Ark could level hills and mountains in the way.

The third claim that the Ark could alter geography and terrain seems tenuous, but there are a few potential points of correlation:

First is that the Nile River may have been intelligently engineered, as explained by Goro Adachi in his book “The Time Rivers.” The features, proportions, alignments, lengths, bends, etc… of the Nile are too synchronous to be mere natural formations. However, something so large cannot be created through physical digging as with the Panama Canal. Adachi doesn’t explain who did it, but they must have possessed the god-like power to directly transform geography.

Second point of correlation is the Glastonbury Zodiac, a circular collection of zodiac images spanning ten miles in diameter, impressed upon the landscape of the Isle of Avalon where legend says the Grail was once kept. The zodiac images are made of streams, dykes, roads, and other landscape features. The center of the zodiac is the famous Glastonbury Tor, a stone tower built on a sacred hill.

Third is the French town of Rennes-le-Château. Like the Glastonbury Zodiac, the position of landscape features and markers including mountain tops and churches trace out a meaningful pattern, the pentagram in this case. Rennes-le-Château is famous for its association with secret Templar activities and later the priest Saunière who struck it rich after discovering secret documents pertaining to Templar treasure or perhaps a method for making the Philosopher’s Stone.

These alleged landscape geometries include some features not placeable by human hands. While they bear enough ambiguity to support the skeptical view that people are just reading too much into things, they also display enough order and improbability to look like“graffiti tagging” by some hyper-dimensional intelligence. Seems like everything deeply connected to the Grail, Ark, and Philosopher’s Stone bears the fingerprint of intelligent design or synchronistic orchestration, down to the prophetic codes in the Torah and Hebrew system of gematria.

What all of these environmental geometries have in common is that they seem synchronistically rather than mechanically formed. So instead of the Moon being towed in via tractor beams, or the Nile River being dug with antigravity bulldozers, it may have originated through intelligently guided or selected natural evolution via intentional probability biasing. Thus these geometries seem both natural and unnatural at the same time. Natural enough to please the skeptics, unnatural enough to convince the believers. The religious might just call it the handiwork of God, but it’s not that simple. I’ll talk more about this later when I get into the timewar idea, and how high demiurgic technology is capable of reality reconfiguration and timeline selection. For now I just want to mention that the Ark may very well have leveled hills and mountains, and that this isn’t without a supporting context.

Putting it All Together

I began this series by explaining the nature of the Demiurge, the universal intelligence responsible for shaping physical reality according to given archetypes. Its etheric aspect biases probability at the quantum level while the astral component carries the archetypal signature that directs that biasing. Together, etheric and astral energies may be called “demiurgic energies” because they have the power to intelligently alter matter, energy, space, and time — precisely the function of the Demiurge.

Demiurgic technology makes use of these energies to affect the physical universe. One example is the Philosopher’s Stone, a saline substance impregnated with dense etheric energies and tinged with the astral signature of gold, thereby being capable of transmuting lead or mercury into gold by reconfiguring their atoms at the quantum level in accordance with that signature.

By logically extending the principles of the Demiurge and Philosopher’s Stone, I can also explain the purported characteristics of the Holy Grail and Ark of the Covenant. The latter are higher applications of demiurgic technology.

The central tenet of Alchemy is to imitate nature, not only the mineral aspect upon which all of modern science is fixated, but also the biological and spiritual aspects. In producing the Philosopher’s Stone, Alchemy is imitating the process of mineral-to-plant evolution. Notice that the Philosopher’s Stone is primarily a combination of physical and etheric bodies, with only the slightest astral component to impart a specific “flavor” to its transmutative power. Unlike ordinary minerals, it possesses lifeforce by virtue of its greater intrinsic etheric energy. This places it above the rank of chemicals and closer to the vegetable kingdom. Both plants and the Philosopher’s Stone have physical and etheric bodies but not much of an astral body. Just like a plant, the Stone is passive and immobile.

What separates animals from plants is that their physical bodies are more complex, their etheric bodies more intense and developed, and that they have an actively functioning astral body. The animal level is where sentience and volition begins, where the first semblance of independence develops. The more complex physical body is what allows a higher order of life to inhabit it. If Alchemy were more refined, it could mimic this process of plant-to-animal evolution and take the Philosopher’s Stone beyond the vegetative level. Then the physical body of the Stone would be more ordered and perhaps crystalline, its etheric body would likewise have to be greatly intensified, and an actively functioning astral body would develop.

What separates humans from animals is that, on average, humans have egos and personalities that allow them to be independent reasoning individuals. As explained in my first article, the ego is a higher order structure that develops in the soul due to the more sophisticated environmental programming made possible via a more evolved body. Likewise, if Alchemy were taken to an even higher level, it could produce something that not only has an etheric and astral body, but possesses an independent sentient intelligence residing therein.

The above can also be explained from the perspective of thoughtforms. The most basic thoughtforms are just passive etheric energy constructs comparable to sponges or fungi. The more developed ones have an astral body as well, and like animals they are hungry critters; astral succubi are an example. But the most evolved thoughtforms possess ego and personality.

Not only does demiurgic technology make use of etheric and astral energies, but it also creates artificial physical bodies to house any order of soul or thoughtform, from the lowliest etheric constructs to the highest individualized intelligences. This technology is alien; I can see it being used nowadays in Grey worker drones and alien spacecrafts, whereby the physical vehicle is made autonomous by a resident etheric/astral thoughtform, a literal ghost in the machine.

What is the Grail Stone, what is the Ark Stone? My current theory is that it’s an advanced crystalline object housing an equally advanced thoughtform; and not just any thoughtform, but an entitized one. The Ark and Grail Stones are the pinnacles of High Demiurgic Technology, at least of what has fallen into human hands. The entitization is what makes it oracular and volitional. The intensified etheric field is what produces the various electromagnetic emissions. External etheric, astral, and archetypal inputs modify its behavior. The probability-biasing effects of its etheric field can grow so intense that physical matter may precipitate according to the entered archetypes and energies.

The Ark of the Covenant, as described in the Old Testament, ought to consist of the following components: 1) the Ark Stone as the physical body, 2) the Great Pyramid, Ark box, Tabernacle, and Temple of Solomon as housing for the body, 3) the vortical Shekhina as the soul (etheric and astral bodies), and 4) Yahweh, the Lord of the Israelites, as the residing ego.

In summary, the Ark Stone is a physical matrix possessed by a powerful entitized thoughtform created or invoked according to the priest’s instructions. The Stone itself pre-existed the Jews, but for a time it was in their possession and they came under its control. If it seems belittling to call Yahweh a thoughtform, bear in mind that the universal Demiurge is a thoughtform also, and so are our own souls. Thoughtforms are not always insignificant things. The bigger question is whether the Demiurge, thoughtform, or soul in question is subordinate to Spirit/Creator or acting independently out of selfish motives. If the latter, then it exists only to perpetuate its own survival and carry out its prime directive through energy feeding and manipulation. Hence in my first article, I talked about the corruption of the Demiurge and how its development of a lower ego divorced it from the harmony of Creation, turning it into a World Parasite. Gnostics equated Yahweh to the corrupted Demiurge.

In the next article I will discuss how the misuse of High Demiurgic Technology explains why the entitized intelligences communicating through the Ark and Grail were so unlike in their temperaments and goals, and what this means for our future. I will also get into the origins of the Grail and its role as a fulcrum in a grand chess game spanning ancient feuds to future timewars.

Further Reading

Opening the Ark of the Covenant (New Page Books, 2007) – by Frank Joseph and Laura Beaudoin. Traces the history of the Ark and Grail from ancient to modern times. I recommend this book for the broad spectrum of historical data it provides, but not for the lines of reasoning or conclusions that follow from that data. But this book does give a comprehensive overview of research leads to follow.

The Sign and the Seal (Simon & Schuster, 1992) – by Graham Hancock. Like the above book, I value this one for the historical data more than the conclusions. Hancock believes the Ark resides in Ethiopia, however as reported on Viewzone, a story inscribed on ruins dating from the 15th-16th century B.C. mentions a duplicate of the Ark being sent into Ethiopia as a decoy while the real one was hidden away, so a good portion of Hancock’s research may have been tracing the history of this decoy. Still, Hancock does a good job of drawing upon obscure sources to paint a detailed picture of the alleged powers of the original Ark.

Source

Then we have a documentary about John and his team when they actually tried to recreate the Ark from the Bible:

 

So there you have a nice weekend topic to chew on. But this was theend of forbidden technologies series… for now. Have a nice weekend. 😎