Category Archives: Nibiru / Planet X

The Nemesis Theory

There are many theories about Nibiru and Planet X and one theory, which we can add to this is the Nemesis theory:

  1. The Nemesis Theory which was originally published in “Nature” by Davis, Hut and Muller, was appropriately named after the Greek Goddess of retribution. “She whom none can escape.”

    (Yarris 1987)

  2. It offers an explanation for the seemingly periodicity of mass extinctions that have occurred throughout the history of the earth. It has been shown with the fossil record that mass extinctions have occurred on average, a cycle of every 26 to 34 million years. According to this theory, the sun has a companion star called the Nemesis, which agitates the Oort cloud as it orbits around the sun.

    (Goldsmith 1985)

  3. The Oort cloud is a comet belt that orbits the sun; extending tens of thousands A.U ( the distance from the earth to the sun).

    (Yarris 1987)

  4. The gravitational field of the Nemesis causes some comets to stray from heir normally stable orbit.


  5. These comets would hit the earth; causing varying levels of global extinction with such devastating effects such as acid rain, deep freeze, and ozone loss.

    (Grossman 2001) (Morris 2001)

  6. These comet showers would last anywhere from 100,000 years to 2 million years with approximately 10 impacts occurring in intervals of 50,000 years between each impact.

    (Yarris 1987)

  7. The Nemesis Theory stems from the discovery of a crater 10 km in diameter which is believed to have caused the extinction of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.

    (Muller 2001)

  8. This period of extinction resulted in the death of 95% of all living creatures.

    (Yarris 1987)

Evidence Supporting the Nemesis Theory

For one to first consider the Nemesis Theory, one must first accept the notion that mass extinctions have occurred periodically.

  1. By examining the fossil record of marine fossils, Dave Raup and Jack Sepkoski have gathered data showing the statistical estimation of extinction as shown in the picture on the right. The arrows are plotted every 26 million years and as one can see, they correlate for the most part to the peaks of extinction. The dinosaur icon refers to the end of the “Age of Reptiles.” This graph displays a periodicity of extinction, essential to the Nemesis Theory. This regularity of extinction has also been shown to exist from data collected from fossil genera of Raup and Sepkoski.

    (Muller 2001)

  2. Evidence for the Nemesis Theory can also be found with the discovery of high concentrations of iridium which is only found in extraterrestrial objects such as comets.

    (Morris 2001)

  3. These traces of iridium can be found in samples of limestone at more than 25 sites around the world. They provide a geological history of the end of the Cretaceous and the beginning of the Tertiary Period, which marks the extinction of the dinosaurs.

    (Yarris 1987)

  4. Between the limestone of these two periods which is known as the K/T boundary, is found a layer of red clay. When tested, this layer of clay was found to be 600 times richer in iridium than that of the surrounding limestone layers. It has been shown that the iridium found at the 25 different sites come from the same source. By measuring the concentration of elements that are usually found with iridium such as gold and platinum, it can be determined through a comparison of the ratio of the elements that the iridium is a result from one unifying source such as a comet.

    (Goldsmith 1985)

  5. With a further contemplation of the iridium data collected from the limestone, it has been deduced that the presence of iridium was a result of a collision of a comet with a 6 mile diameter, with the earth.

    (Morris 2001)

  6. An impact of such magnitude, would cause fine dust particles to rise into the stratosphere; blackening the sky and leaving the world in perpetual darkness.

    (Yarris 1987)

These conditions would create an uninhabitable environment and therefore the extinction of living creatures.

Another line of evidence not based on terrestrial effects, is found by cosmic ray exposure. Meteorites created by comets have been shown through cosmic ray exposure to have fallen to earth at approximately during the same time of the last three extinctions. Cosmic ray exposure is determined by measuring certain types of isotopes, such as Neon 21 in meteorite samples.

  1. It is used to discover the time since formation, the meteorite spent orbiting the solar system. The meteorites that would indicate an impact of a comet would be a high- iron or “H chrondites” which receive their high- iron content from the iron rich cores of asteroid or planets that were blasted by collisions with comets. A correlation of these “H chrondites” have been found with the occurrences of mass extinctions; giving further evidence of the Nemesis Theory.

    (Yarris 1987)

  2. With the discovery of paleomagnetism, the reversals of earth’s magnetic field another piece of evidence was added to the Nemesis Theory.

    (Morris 2000)

  3. It was hypothesized that when a comet hit the earth, water near the equator due to extreme temperatures, evaporated and turned into ice and snow on polar caps. Due to conservation of angular momentum, a redistribution of mass would be a great enough agitation to alter the magnetic field. These geomagnetic reversals, through the research of Dave Raup to have occurred 296 times and approximately every 30 million years; correlating with the theory of the death star.

    (Yarris 1987)

  4. A drop in sea level which would result from a bolide impact would also occur. This has been shown to exist at the K/T boundary.

    (Yarris 1987)

The probability of a companion star also gains support by the fact that more than 50% of stars in a galaxy are in a binary system, which would lead one to conclude that a “death” companion star to the sun to be a probable reality.

Rival Hypotheses

  1. Volcanoes were first though of as an explanation for the mass extinctions that have occurred throughout earth’s history, however they do not explain the periodicity of extinction periods. They also do no explain the existence of high concentrations of iridium.

    (Yarris 1987)

  2. Meteorites could also account for extinction, yet due to the randomness of their nature, they can not explain the recurring cycles of extinction either.

    (Goldsmith 1985)

  3. With an acceptance of the bolide impacts originating from the Oort cloud, varying sources of gravitational pull that would result in a comet shower also arise. Molecular dust clouds found in the Milky Way were considered, yet the dust clouds would be too thinly dispersed to cause enough gravitational force. Another source comes from a hypothesized 10th planet called “Planet X“. This theory however would require an inner disk in the Oort cloud which could not remain stable.

    (Yarris 1987)

Arguments Against the Nemesis Theory

  1. Some argue that the extinction of the dinosaurs would not happen in 1 to 2 years, yet would occur gradually with the decline of species and would use this information as a negation of the Nemesis Theory. However the Nemesis Theory does not require an immediate extinction of life, for some forms of life could have survived the first the impact and later be killed by another impact that would hit at later time.

    (Goldsmith 1985)

  2. Others argue that the proposed elliptical orbit of the Nemesis star would not be able to be maintained and that the companion star would have long left our solar system. Yet the developers of the Nemesis theory state that the orbit is not constant with time and that the orbit was once closer to that of the sun. Objects such as passing stars would have; through their gravitational field, caused the orbit of the Nemesis to become larger and less stable.

    (Muller 2001)

  3. Also because the Nemesis Theory is not precise; extinctions occurring within a range of 26 to 30 million years, that the theory is invalid.

    (Muller 2001)

  4. However, this apparent problem in the theory can be explained by passing stars which would cause a deviation in the orbit of the death star, resulting in a change of a few million years, without disrupting its orbit.

    (Goldsmith 1985)

The Search for Nemesis

  1. The ultimate evidence, supporting the Nemesis Theory, would of course be the actual discovery of the Nemesis star. It is predicted that the Nemesis is probably a red dwarf star with a magnitude between 7 and 12. Its size is believed to be a third of the sun’s and 1/1000 as bright.

    (Yarris 1987)

  2. It is thought that the Nemesis star is right under our noses; being able to be seen with a pair of binoculars. The reason it has not been discovered is that though all stars have been catalogued, only a few of their distances have been measured; making it difficult for scientists to pin point which star could be the Nemesis.

    (Muller 2001)

  3. The search for the Nemesis in underway at the Leuschner Observatory in Layfette California with an automated telescope. To determine which star is the Sun’s companion star, photographs of 5,000 red stars have been taken along with the measurement of the apparent shift in position determined by a second photograph picture taken 2 to 6 months later. A little change in position indicate that the stars are far away. However, stars that are close enough to possibly be the Nemesis will show a significant shift in position.

    (Muller 2001)

  4. It is guessed that the Nemesis star will be discovered in the Hydra constellation.

    (Yarris 1987)


It has been shown through evidence such as iridium, that comets are the probable cause for the mass extinction that have occurred on Earth. This information coupled with the evidence for the periodicity of mass extinctions, give validity to the Nemesis Theory which should lead to its greater acceptance. Hopefully however, future generations of humans will not be around to see the actualization of the theory into law


  • Goldsmith, Donald. Nemesis. New York: Walker and Company, 1985.

  • Grossman, Daniel. “One Disaster After Another.” Scientific American. Feb. 2001

  • Morris, Mark. , et al. GE70A; Origin and Evolution of the Cosmos and Life. Course Reader Material, 2000

  • Morris, Mark. , et al. GE70B; Origin and Evolution of the Cosmos and Life. Course Reader Material, 2001

  • Muller, Richard. “Nemesis.”

  • Yarris, Lynn. “Does a Companion Star to the Sun Cause Earth’s Periodic Mass Extinctions?” Science Beat. Spring 1987


Read more from Auricmedia:


Zecharia Sitchin, Sumerians, Anunnaki and Nibiru

This is the grandfather of Anunnaki and Nibiru. So if you want to know where all the rumors of these topics come from the source is this guy:

Born July 11, 1920
Baku, Azerbaijan SSR
Died October 9, 2010 (aged 90)
New York, New York
Nationality Azerbaijani
Citizenship United States
Education London School of Economics, University of London
Occupation Author
Known for Ancient astronauts


Zecharia Sitchin (Russian: Заха́рия Си́тчин; Azerbaijani: Zaxariya Sitçin) (July 11, 1920 – October 9, 2010)[1] was an Azerbaijani-born American author of books proposing an explanation for human origins involving ancient astronauts. Sitchin attributes the creation of the ancient Sumerian culture to the Anunnaki, which he states was a race of extraterrestrials from a planet beyond Neptune called Nibiru. He believed this hypothetical planet of Nibiru to be in an elongated, elliptical orbit in the Earth‘s own Solar System, asserting that Sumerian mythology reflects this view. Sitchin’s books have sold millions of copies worldwide and have been translated into more than 25 languages.

Sitchin’s ideas have been rejected by scientists and academics, who dismiss his work as pseudoscience and pseudohistory. His work has been criticized for flawed methodology and mistranslations of ancient texts as well as for incorrect astronomical and scientific claims.[2]

Early life

Sitchin was born in the Azerbaijan SSR, but was raised in Mandatory Palestine. He received a degree in economics from the University of London, and was an editor and journalist in Israel, before moving to New York in 1952. While working as an executive for a shipping company, he taught himself Sumerian cuneiform and visited several archaeological sites.[3][4]

Ideas and works

Similar to earlier authors such as Immanuel Velikovsky and Erich von Däniken, Sitchin advocated hypotheses in which extraterrestrial events supposedly played a significant role in ancient human history.

According to Sitchin’s interpretation of Mesopotamian iconography and symbology, outlined in his 1976 book The 12th Planet and its sequels, there is an undiscovered planetbeyond Neptune that follows a long, elliptical orbit, reaching the inner solar system roughly every 3,600 years. This planet is called Nibiru (although Jupiter was the planet associated with the god Marduk in Babylonian cosmology).[5] According to Sitchin, Nibiru (whose name was replaced with MARDUK in original legends by the Babylonian ruler of the same name in an attempt to co-opt the creation for himself, leading to some confusion among readers) collided catastrophically with Tiamat (a goddess in the Babylonian creation myth the Enûma Eliš), which he considers to be another planet once located between Mars and Jupiter. This collision supposedly formed the planet Earth, the asteroid belt, and the comets. Sitchin states that when struck by one of planet Nibiru’s moons, Tiamat split in two, and then on a second pass Nibiru itself struck the broken fragments and one half of Tiamat became the asteroid belt. The second half, struck again by one of Nibiru’s moons, was pushed into a new orbit and became today’s planet Earth.

According to Sitchin, Nibiru (called “the twelfth planet” because, Sitchin claimed, the Sumerians’ gods-given conception of the Solar System counted all eight planets, plus Pluto, the Sun and the Moon) was the home of a technologically advanced human-like extraterrestrial race called the Anunnaki in Sumerian myth, who Sitchin states are called the Nephilim in Genesis. He wrote that they evolved after Nibiru entered the solar system and first arrived on Earth probably 450,000 years ago, looking for minerals, especially gold, which they found and mined in Africa. Sitchin states that these “gods” were the rank-and-file workers of the colonial expedition to Earth from planet Nibiru.

Sitchin wrote that Enki suggested that to relieve the Anunnaki, who had mutinied over their dissatisfaction with their working conditions, that primitive workers (Homo sapiens) be created by genetic engineering as slaves to replace them in the gold mines by crossing extraterrestrial genes with those of Homo erectus.[6][7] According to Sitchin, ancient inscriptions report that the human civilization in Sumer, Mesopotamia, was set up under the guidance of these “gods”, and human kingship was inaugurated to provide intermediaries between mankind and the Anunnaki (creating the “divine right of kings” doctrine). Sitchin believes that fallout from nuclear weapons, used during a war between factions of the extraterrestrials, is the “evil wind” described in the Lament for Ur that destroyed Ur around 2000 BC. Sitchin states the exact year is 2024 BC.[8] Sitchin says that his research coincides with many biblical texts, and that biblical texts come originally from Sumerian writings.


Since the release of his first book The 12th Planet in 1976, now in its 45th printing, Sitchin wrote seven other books as part of his Earth Chronicles series, as well as six other companion books, all of which are still in print as of 2012. Sitchin’s books sold millions of copies worldwide and been published in more than 25 languages, as well as in braille.[9] New York Times reporter Corey Kilgannon noted that despite academic dismissal of his work, Sitchin had “a devoted following of readers”.[3]

Critic Michael Heiser called Sitchin “arguably the most important proponent of the ancient astronaut hypothesis over the last several decades”.[10] Sitchin was a frequent guest on the Coast to Coast AM radio show, which in 2010 presented Sitchin with a lifetime achievement award.[11]Gods of the New Millennium author Alan F. Alford admits he initially became “infatuated” with Sitchin’s hypotheses but later became a critic of Sitchin’s interpretations of myth.[12]

According to some writers, Sitchin’s ideas along with those of Erich von Däniken may have influenced the beliefs of the religious sect of Raëlism,[13][14] and writer Mark Pilkington sees the mythology of Japan’s Pana Wave religious group as rooted in Sitchin’s The 12th Planet and its sequels.[15]

The 1994 movie Stargate, directed by Roland Emmerich, and the 2009 video game The Conduit drew some conceptual inspiration from Sitchin’s ideas,[16][17] while screenwriter Roberto Orci says the villains of the film Cowboys & Aliens were inspired by Sitchin’s conceptualization of the Anunnaki as gold-mining aliens.[18]


Criticism of Sitchin’s work falls primarily into three categories: translations and interpretations of ancient texts; astronomical and scientific observations; and literalism of myth.

Translations and interpretations

When Sitchin wrote his books, only specialists could read the Sumerian language. However, sources such as the 2006 book Sumerian Lexicon[19] have made the language more accessible to non-experts.

Ancient language scholar Michael S. Heiser states he has found many inaccuracies in Sitchin’s translations and challenges interested parties to use this book to check their validity.[15][20] Prof. Ronald H. Fritze,[21] author of the book Invented Knowledge: False History, Fake Science and Pseudo-religions,[21] mentions the example of Sitchin’s claim that the Sumerian sign Din-Gir means “pure ones of the blazing rockets”, adding that “Sitchin’s assignment of meanings to ancient words is tendentious and frequently strained.”[22] Fritze also commented on Sitchin’s methodology, writing that “When critics have checked Sitchin’s references, they have found that he frequently quotes out of context or truncates his quotes in a way that distorts evidence in order to prove his contentions. Evidence is presented selectively and contradictory evidence is ignored.”[22]

Sitchin bases his arguments on his personal interpretations of pre-Nubian and Sumerian texts, and the seal VA 243. Sitchin wrote that these ancient civilizations knew of a twelfth planet, when in fact they only knew five.[23] Hundreds of Sumerian astronomical seals and calendars have been decoded and recorded, and the total count of planets on each seal has been five. Seal VA 243 has 12 dots that Sitchin identifies as planets. When translated, seal VA 243 reads “You’re his Servant” which is now thought to be a message from a nobleman to a servant. According to semitologist Michael S. Heiser, the so-called sun on Seal VA 243 is not the Sumerian symbol for the sun but is a star, and the dots are also stars.[23][24] The symbol on seal VA 243 has no resemblance to the hundreds of documented Sumerian sun symbols.

In a 1979 review of The Twelfth Planet, Roger W. Wescott,[25] Professor of Anthropology and Linguistics at Drew University, Madison, New Jersey, noted Sitchin’s amateurishness with respect to the primacy of the Sumerian language:

Sitchin’s linguistics seems at least as amateurish as his anthropology, biology, and astronomy. On p. 370, for example, he maintains that “all the ancient languages … including early Chinese … stemmed from one primeval source — Sumerian”. Sumerian, of course, is the virtual archetype of what linguistic taxonomists call a language-isolate, meaning a language that does not fall into any of the well-known language-families or exhibit clear cognation with any known language. Even if Sitchin is referring to written rather than to spoken language, it is unlikely that his contention can be persuasively defended, since Sumerian ideograms were preceded by the Azilian and Tartarian signaries of Europe as well as by a variety of script-like notational systems between the Nile and Indus rivers.

Astronomical and scientific observations

Sitchin’s “planetary collision” view does superficially resemble a theory by modern astronomers—the giant impact theory of the Moon‘s formation about 4.5 billion years ago by a body impacting with the newly-formed Earth. However, Sitchin’s proposed series of rogue planetary collisions differ in both details and timing. As with Immanuel Velikovsky‘s earlier Worlds in Collision thesis, Sitchin states that he has found evidence of ancient human knowledge of rogue celestial motions in a variety of mythological accounts. In Velikovsky’s case, these interplanetary collisions were supposed to have taken place within the span of human existence, whereas for Sitchin these occurred during the early stages of planetary formation, but entered the mythological account passed down via the alien race which purportedly evolved on Nibiru after these encounters.

According to former Immanuel Velikovsky assistant turned prolific critic,[27] C. Leroy Ellenberger,[27] “[Sitchin states that] from an equal start, the Nefilim evolved on Nibiru 45 million years ahead of comparable development on Earth with its decidedly more favorable environment. Such an outcome is unlikely, to say the least, since Nibiru would spend over 99% of its time beyond Pluto. Sitchin’s explanation that heat from radioactive decay and a thick atmosphere keep Nibiru warm is absurd and does not address the problem of darkness in deep space. Also unexplained is how the Nefilim, who evolved long after Nibiru arrived, knew what happened when Nibiru first entered the solar system.”[28]

The scenario outlined by Sitchin, with Nibiru returning to the inner solar system regularly every 3,600 years,

… implies an orbit with a semi-major axis of 235 astronomical units, extending from the asteroid belt to twelve times farther beyond the sun than Pluto. Elementary perturbation theory indicates that, under the most favorable circumstances of avoiding close encounters with other planets, no body with such an eccentric orbit would keep the same period for two consecutive passages. Within twelve orbits the object would be either ejected or converted to a short period object. Thus, the failed search for a trans-Plutonian planet by T.C. Van Flandern, of the U.S. Naval Observatory, which Sitchin uses to bolster his thesis, is no support at all.[28]

Sitchin in “the case of Adam’s alien genes”[29] states that 223 unique genes found by the Human Genome Sequencing Consortium are without the required predecessors on the genomic evolutionary tree. Later researchers have argued that the conclusion from the Human Genome Sequencing Consortium cannot be drawn due to a lack of a comprehensive gene database for comparison. An analysis by Salzberg identified 40 potential genes laterally transferred into the genome from prokaryotic organisms. Salzberg also argues that gene loss combined with sample size effects and evolutionary rate variation provide an alternative, more biologically plausible explanation.[30]

Literalism of myth

Peter James, co-author of the controversial book Centuries of Darkness,[31] has criticized Sitchin both for ignoring the world outside of Mesopotamia and more specifically for misunderstanding Babylonian literature:

He uses the Epic of Creation Enuma Elish as the foundation for his cosmogony, identifying the young god Marduk, who overthrows the older regime of gods and creates the Earth, as the unknown “Twelfth Planet”. In order to do this he interprets the Babylonian theogony as a factual account of the birth of the other “eleven” planets. The Babylonian names for the planets are established beyond a shadow of a doubt—Ishtar was the deity of Venus, Nergal of Mars, and Marduk of Jupiter—and confirmed by hundreds of astronomical/astrological tables and treatises on clay tablets and papyri from the Hellenistic period. Sitchin merrily ignores all this and assigns unwarranted planetary identities to the gods mentioned in the theogony. For example, Apsu, attested as god of the primeval waters, becomes, of all things, the Sun! Ea, as it suits Sitchin, is sometimes planet Neptune and sometimes a spaceman. And the identity of Ishtar as the planet Venus, a central feature of Mesopotamian religion, is nowhere mentioned in the book—instead Sitchin arbitrarily assigns to Venus another deity from Enuma Elish, and reserves Ishtar for a role as a female astronaut.

William Irwin Thompson comments on what he calls Sitchin’s ‘literalism’:

What Sitchin sees is what he needs for his hypothesis. So figure 15 on page 40 is radiation therapy, and figure 71 on page 136 is a god inside a rocket-shaped chamber. If these are gods, why are they stuck with our cheap B movie technology of rockets, microphones, space-suits, and radiation therapy? If they are gods, then why can’t they have some really divine technology such as intradimensional worm-hole travel, antigravity, starlight propulsion, or black hole bounce rematerializations? Sitchin has constructed what appears to be a convincing argument, but when he gets close to single images on ancient tablets, he falls back into the literalism of “Here is an image of the gods in rockets.” Suddenly, ancient Sumer is made to look like the movie set for Destination Moon. Erich Von Däniken’s potboiler Chariots of the Gods? has the same problem. Nazca plains in Peru is turned into a World War II landing strip. The gods can cross galactic distances, but by the time they get to Peru, their spaceships are imagined as World War II prop jobs that need an enormous landing strip. This literalization of the imagination doesn’t make any sense, but every time it doesn’t, you hear Sitchin say “There can be no doubt, but…”


Earth Chronicles volumes

  1. The 12th Planet, New York: Stein and Day, 1976, ISBN 0-8128-1939-X
  2. The Stairway to Heaven, 1980, Avon Books (Bear & Company, 1992, ISBN 0-939680-89-0; HarperCollins, 2007, ISBN 0-06-137920-4)
  3. The Wars of Gods and Men, 1985, Avon Books (Bear & Company, 1992, ISBN 0-939680-90-4)
  4. The Lost Realms, Avon Books, 1990, ISBN 0-380-75890-3
  5. When Time Began, 1993, (HarperColins, 2007, ISBN 0-06-137928-X, ISBN 978-0-06-137928-4)
  6. The Cosmic Code, Avon Books, 1998, ISBN 0-380-80157-4
  7. The End of Days: Armageddon and Prophecies of the Return, William Morrow/HarperCollins, 2007, ISBN 978-0-06-123823-9

Companion volumes

  • Genesis Revisited: Is Modern Science Catching Up With Ancient Knowledge?, (Avon Books, 1990, ISBN 0-380-76159-9)
  • Divine Encounters: A Guide to Visions, Angels and Other Emissaries, Avon Books, 1995, ISBN 0-380-78076-3
  • The Lost Book of Enki: Memoirs and Prophecies of an Extraterrestrial god, Bear & Company, 2001, ISBN 1-59143-037-2
  • The Earth Chronicles Expeditions, Bear & Company, 2004, ISBN 978-1-59143-076-6
  • Journeys to the Mythical Past, Bear and Company, 2007 ISBN 978-1-59143-080-3
  • The Earth Chronicles Handbook, Bear & Company, 2009, ISBN 978-1-59143-101-5
  • There Were Giants Upon the Earth: Gods, Demigods, and Human Ancestry: The Evidence of Alien DNA, (Bear & Company), 2010, ISBN 978-1-59143-121-3
  • The King Who Refused to Die: The Anunnaki and The Search for Immortality, Bear & Company, 2013, ISBN 978-1-59143-177-0


  • Are We Alone in the Universe? (based on Genesis Revisited), documentary, 1978 (2003 DVD release)[34]
  • An Evening with Zecharia Sitchin, lecture and slide presentation, 1997
  • A Talk From The Heart! lecture and slide presentation, 2006
  • Signs of the Return, lecture and slide presentation, 2009
  • 2012—the End of Days? lecture and slide presentation, 2010
  • Zecharia at 90—Farewell Address, lecture, 2010


Then some videos about Zecharia and his work:



“The ultimate arbiter of truth is experiment, not the comfort one derives from one’s a priori beliefs, nor the beauty or elegance one ascribes to one’s theoretical models.”
LAWRENCE M. KRAUSS, A Universe from Nothing